Normal view MARC view ISBD view

An assessment of the adoption of seed and fertilizer packages and the role of credit in smallholder maize production in Sidama and North Omo Zones, Ethiopia

By: Getahun Degu | Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT), Mexico DF (Mexico).
Contributor(s): Abdishekur Wondimu [coaut.] | Mwangi, W.M [coaut.] | Verkuijl, H [coaut.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookAnalytics: Show analyticsPublisher: Mexico, DF (Mexico) : CIMMYT *EARO, 2000ISBN: 970-648-064-1.Subject(s): Credit | Crop management | Economic analysis | Ethiopia | Fertilizer application | Innovation adoption | Maize | Plant production | Production factors | Seed | Small farms | Socioeconomic environment | Technology transfer | CIMMYT | Zea mays AGROVOCOnline resources: Click here to access online Summary: This study identified factors that influenced the adoption of improved maize technologies and assessed the role of credit in Sidama and North Omo Zones of Ethiopia. A tobit analysis was used to test the factors affecting allocation of land to improved maize varieties and a logit model was used to analyze factors affecting the fertilizer use. Since the 1970s, the maize commodity research program has released 12 OPVs and 8 hybrids.Urea and DAP are the recommended fertilizers at 100 kg/ha each. The number of livestock, agroecological zone,extension services, use of credit, and membership in an organization significantly influenced the probability that land would be allocated to improved maize seed. Off-farm income, the use of hired labor and credit, and being a contact farmer significantly influenced the adoption of fertilizer. Credit was a significant factor in influencing the probability of adopting improved maize seed and fertilizer. The terms of credit should reflect farmers’socioeconomic circumstances. The current requirement that farmers must have 0.5 ha under maize to participate in the credit program is limiting, especially given that increased population pressure is reducing farm size. Membership in a peasant association (PA) was important in influencing the adoption of improved maize seed and fertilizer, and PAs should be strengthened to provide better information to farmers on improved agricultural practices. Although extension significantly affected the adoption of fertilizer and improved maize seed, the ratio of extension staff to farmers was high, and many farmers could not be visited. Increasing the number of extension staff and facilitating their transport would increase the adoption of improved maize seed and fertilizer. Livestock ownership significantly influenced the adoption of improved maize seed and fertilizer, because livestock sales provided cash to pay the 25% down payment on inputs (fertilizer and seed). Research, extension, and policy should increase support to livestock development.Collection: CIMMYT Publications Collection
Tags from this library: No tags from this library for this title. Log in to add tags.
    average rating: 0.0 (0 votes)
Item type Current location Collection Call number Copy number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Publications Collection CIM 0089-R (Browse shelf) 1 Available 628333
Total holds: 0

This study identified factors that influenced the adoption of improved maize technologies and assessed the role of credit in Sidama and North Omo Zones of Ethiopia. A tobit analysis was used to test the factors affecting allocation of land to improved maize varieties and a logit model was used to analyze factors affecting the fertilizer use. Since the 1970s, the maize commodity research program has released 12 OPVs and 8 hybrids.Urea and DAP are the recommended fertilizers at 100 kg/ha each. The number of livestock, agroecological zone,extension services, use of credit, and membership in an organization significantly influenced the probability that land would be allocated to improved maize seed. Off-farm income, the use of hired labor and credit, and being a contact farmer significantly influenced the adoption of fertilizer. Credit was a significant factor in influencing the probability of adopting improved maize seed and fertilizer. The terms of credit should reflect farmers’socioeconomic circumstances. The current requirement that farmers must have 0.5 ha under maize to participate in the credit program is limiting, especially given that increased population pressure is reducing farm size. Membership in a peasant association (PA) was important in influencing the adoption of improved maize seed and fertilizer, and PAs should be strengthened to provide better information to farmers on improved agricultural practices. Although extension significantly affected the adoption of fertilizer and improved maize seed, the ratio of extension staff to farmers was high, and many farmers could not be visited. Increasing the number of extension staff and facilitating their transport would increase the adoption of improved maize seed and fertilizer. Livestock ownership significantly influenced the adoption of improved maize seed and fertilizer, because livestock sales provided cash to pay the 25% down payment on inputs (fertilizer and seed). Research, extension, and policy should increase support to livestock development.

Global Maize Program

English

LSLinks|CIMPUBS=94 NO-SCANED 09 (Digitalizar)|Google-08 Sent electronic format|R99-00CIMPU|EE|AL Maize Program|AJ|DSpace 1

INT1320

CIMMYT Publications Collection

0012.jpg

There are no comments for this item.

Log in to your account to post a comment.

Click on an image to view it in the image viewer

baner

International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) © Copyright 2015. Carretera México-Veracruz. Km. 45, El Batán, Texcoco, México, C.P. 56237.
Monday –Friday 9:00 am. 17:00 pm. If you have any question, please contact us at CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org

Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo (CIMMYT) © Copyright 2015. Carretera México-Veracruz. Km. 45, El Batán, Texcoco, México, C.P. 56237.
Lunes –Viernes 9:00 am. 17:00 pm. Si tiene cualquier pregunta, contáctenos a CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org