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Relationship between line per se and cross performance under low nitrogen fertility in tropical maize (zea mays L.) [Electronic Resource]

By: Zaidi, P.H.
Contributor(s): Sanchez, C [coaut.] | Srinivasan, G [coaut.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticlePublisher: 2003Subject(s): Fertility | Maize | Morphogenesis | Nitrogen | Tropical zones | Yield components | Hybrids | Inbred linesOnline resources: Click here to access online In: Maydica v. 48, p. 221-231632817Summary: Improved maize yields under low nitrogen (N) fertility is desired for both low- input production systems and also for judicious application of fertilizer nitrogen for a sustainable and environment friendly production systems. A key question in breeding for tolerance to low-N fertility is to what extent the performance of maize hybrids can be predicted on the basis of performance of their inbred lines under low-N supply. Past studies showed varied degree of correlations between line and hybrid performance under low-N fertility, ranging from weak to fairly strong relationship. We attempted to examine the impact of low-N supply on relationship between morpho-physiological traits and grain yield measured on inbred parents, all advance generation lines, and their single cross progenies. Reactions of various morpho-physiological traits, except days to anthesis (male flowering), differ significantly at low- and optimal level of N-fertility. Superiority of hybrid progenies over parental lines declined under low-N stress, which indicates that hybrids were comparatively more affected than lines due to low-N supply. Data on individual contributions of heterosis and performance of mid-parent showed that per se performance of lines was relatively more important factor in determining the hybrid performance under both the levels of N-supply. Correlations between various secondary traits and grain yield under both low and optimal-N fertility were moderate to strong in case of both parental lines and hybrids. However, it was comparatively stronger in case of hybrid progenies under low-N stress. Correlations between morpho-physiological traits of lines and hybrids, except for ear rots, were fairly strong and significant under both the level of N supply. The relationship between grain yield of mid-parent and hybrids was comparatively stronger under low-N fertility. Our findings suggest that performance of hybrid progenies under low-N fertility can be predicted to some extent on the basis of advance generation elite inbred parents with proven performance across N-supply.Collection: CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection
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Article CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection CIS-3957 (Browse shelf) 1 Available 632817
Total holds: 0

Peer-review: Yes - Open Access: Yes|http://science.thomsonreuters.com/cgi-bin/jrnlst/jlresults.cgi?PC=MASTER&ISSN=0025-6153

Improved maize yields under low nitrogen (N) fertility is desired for both low- input production systems and also for judicious application of fertilizer nitrogen for a sustainable and environment friendly production systems. A key question in breeding for tolerance to low-N fertility is to what extent the performance of maize hybrids can be predicted on the basis of performance of their inbred lines under low-N supply. Past studies showed varied degree of correlations between line and hybrid performance under low-N fertility, ranging from weak to fairly strong relationship. We attempted to examine the impact of low-N supply on relationship between morpho-physiological traits and grain yield measured on inbred parents, all advance generation lines, and their single cross progenies. Reactions of various morpho-physiological traits, except days to anthesis (male flowering), differ significantly at low- and optimal level of N-fertility. Superiority of hybrid progenies over parental lines declined under low-N stress, which indicates that hybrids were comparatively more affected than lines due to low-N supply. Data on individual contributions of heterosis and performance of mid-parent showed that per se performance of lines was relatively more important factor in determining the hybrid performance under both the levels of N-supply. Correlations between various secondary traits and grain yield under both low and optimal-N fertility were moderate to strong in case of both parental lines and hybrids. However, it was comparatively stronger in case of hybrid progenies under low-N stress. Correlations between morpho-physiological traits of lines and hybrids, except for ear rots, were fairly strong and significant under both the level of N supply. The relationship between grain yield of mid-parent and hybrids was comparatively stronger under low-N fertility. Our findings suggest that performance of hybrid progenies under low-N fertility can be predicted to some extent on the basis of advance generation elite inbred parents with proven performance across N-supply.

Global Maize Program

English

0403|AL-Maize Program

INT2823

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection

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