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020 _a970-648-104-4
040 _aMX-TxCIM
072 0 _aA50
072 0 _aE10
082 0 4 _a338.91
100 1 _aFleisher, G.
_uInternational conference on impacts of agricultural research and development: Why has impact assessment research not made more of a difference?
110 0 _aCentro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT), Mexico DF (Mexico)
111 2 _aInternational Conference on Impacts of Agricultural Research and Development
_cSan José (Costa Rica)
_d4-7 Feb 2002
245 0 0 _aThe costs of transforming public extension services towards participatory approaches:
_b the case of egypt
260 _aMexico, DF (Mexico)
300 _ap. 88
340 _aPrinted
520 _aThe notion that public extension services in agriculture are no longer adequate to meet the changing needs of farmers, in many developing countries, is becoming increasingly emphasized in both research literature and the strategies of development agencies. The problems encountered with the T&V system have caused considerable frustration among donor agencies and reduced their willingness to invest in large-scale public agricultural extension programs. For some, the solution is delivering. information and services through the complete or semi-privatization of public agencies. Others argue that the public sector has to maintain its role in knowledge and information transfer but see the need to change the hierarchical structure and the top down approaches of the public sector towards adopting participatory methods of extension.||This paper compares and contrasts five different agricultural extension projects in Egypt, which are supported by different donor agencies, promoting various forms of participatory methods to agricultural extension and farmer training. Comparisons are being made on the basis of cost-effectiveness parameters. Furthermore, break-even benefits are calculated based on the effects on farmer's income. Results indicate that using unit costs of farmer training is not a valid basis for comparison but that there is a need to take into account the start-up conditions and the specifics of the training method, which result in different levels of base costs, start-up costs, recurrent costs and farmers' costs. It is also shown that depending on the situation, the break-even benefits are surprisingly low to justify even considerable investments in participatory training and extension. However, in for example a crop like cotton, such approaches are unlikely to be economical viable.||The paper concludes that there is a need for high selectivity and careful planning in public sector agricultural extension projects. However, the study also emphasizes the notion that from an economic point of view, public investments in participatory agricultural extension are likely to be superior to other approaches in extension, if the target is well chosen.
546 _aEnglish
591 _a0310|AGRIS 0301|AL-Economics Program|R01PROCE
593 _aJuan Carlos Mendieta
595 _aCPC
650 1 0 _aAgricultural development
650 1 0 _aAgricultural economics
650 1 0 _aDeveloping Countries
650 1 0 _aEconomic analysis
650 1 0 _aEgypt
650 1 0 _aFarmers
650 1 0 _aPrivate sector
650 1 0 _aPublic sector
650 1 0 _aTraining programmes
653 0 _aCIMMYT
653 0 _aIRRI
700 1 _aWaibel, H.,
700 1 _aWalter Echols, G.,
700 1 _9960
_aWatson, D.J.
_gResearch & Partnership Program
942 _cPRO
999 _c6886