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Strategies for quality protein maize (QPM) breeding and dissemination in Ethiopia

By: Guta, A | Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT), Mexico DF (Mexico).
Contributor(s): Abera, W [coaut.] | CIMMYT|EARO | Keneni, G [coaut.] | Tolessa, B [coaut.] | Wolde, L [coaut.] | Worku, M [coaut.] | Pixley, K.V [coaut.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookAnalytics: Show analyticsPublisher: Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) CIMMYT|EARO : 1999Description: p. 42-46.ISBN: 92-9146-065-6.Subject(s): Maize | Nutrient improvement | Protein content | Protein quality AGROVOC | Research projects | CIMMYT | Zea mays AGROVOC | Plant breeding AGROVOCSummary: Maize is an important staple crop in Ethiopia. Since normal maize varieties are low in some essential protein components, protein malnutrition is common in many areas where maize is a major staple food. Introduction of quality protein maize (QPM) varieties to these areas could help alleviate protein malnutrition. The evaluation of exotic QPM materials in the past clearly indicated good potential for developing QPM hybrids and OPVs which can substitute or complement the current commercial normal maize varieties. However, there is also a need to create more variation locally for more effective selection. A sound and viable strategic plan to be used as a guide line for QPM breeding at national level is absolutely essential for a more systematized QPM variety development program. This paper outlines QPM breeding strategies to be followed during the next five years in Ethiopia. The plan includes local creation of genetic variation, effective evaluation and selection, conversion of adapted normal maize varieties to QPM and mechanisms for farmer participation in technology development and dissemination.Collection: CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection
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Conference proceedings CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection CIS-2672 (Browse shelf) 1 Available 649311
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Maize is an important staple crop in Ethiopia. Since normal maize varieties are low in some essential protein components, protein malnutrition is common in many areas where maize is a major staple food. Introduction of quality protein maize (QPM) varieties to these areas could help alleviate protein malnutrition. The evaluation of exotic QPM materials in the past clearly indicated good potential for developing QPM hybrids and OPVs which can substitute or complement the current commercial normal maize varieties. However, there is also a need to create more variation locally for more effective selection. A sound and viable strategic plan to be used as a guide line for QPM breeding at national level is absolutely essential for a more systematized QPM variety development program. This paper outlines QPM breeding strategies to be followed during the next five years in Ethiopia. The plan includes local creation of genetic variation, effective evaluation and selection, conversion of adapted normal maize varieties to QPM and mechanisms for farmer participation in technology development and dissemination.

Genetic Resources Program

English

0103|AGRIS 0102|R99-00CIMPU|AL Maize Program|AJ|3

Jose Juan Caballero

INT1617

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection

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