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Yield and N-use efficiency of five tropical maize genotypes under different N levels in the Moist Savanna of Nigeria

By: Oikeh, S.O | Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT), Mexico DF (Mexico).
Contributor(s): Chude, V.O [coaut.] | Horst, W.J [coaut.] | Kling, J.G [coaut.] | Ransom, J.K.|Palmer, A.F.E.|Zambezi, B.T.|Mduruma, Z.O.|Waddington, S.R.|Pixley, K.V.|Jewell, D.C [eds.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookAnalytics: Show analyticsPublisher: Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) CIMMYT : 1997ISBN: 92-9146-025-7.Subject(s): Fertilizer application | Nigeria | Nitrogen content | Varieties | CIMMYT | Zea mays AGROVOC | Yields AGROVOC | Genotypes AGROVOC | Hybrids AGROVOC | Plant breeding AGROVOCDDC classification: 633.15 Summary: Two field experiments were conducted during the 1993 and 1994 growing seasons at Samaru (7° 38' E; 11° 11' N), northern Nigeria, to evaluate N-use efficiency (kg grain per kg available soil N) and yield of 5 maize genotypes planted early in the season under five levels of N. The hybrid (8644-27) gave the highest grain yield and was the most N-use efficient genotype. It had a longer grain filling period, a higher harvest index, and a greater 1000-kernel weight than other genotypes. The most widely grown open pollinated variety (TZB-SR) was the least efficient in utilizing available soil N for grain production, although it had the highest number of kernels per ear and total above-ground dry matter. The semiprolific (SPL) and EV8728-SR genotypes appeared to have a higher potential to adapt to nitrogen stress than other genotypes. They had higher grain yields under zero-N in both years, but the differences were not significant. They also showed greater synchronization of anthesis and silking, which indicates better ability to tolerate nitrogen stress. Traits such as extended grain filling and 1000-kernel weight should be further investigated for inclusion in a breeding scheme to increase maize yield. Early planting to capture the N flush, and application of a suboptimal amount of N (60 kg/ha at 2 WAP) was adequate for production of all the genotypes under the loamy soil conditions of the chosen site. A combination of legume rotation, 60 kg N/ha, and an N-use efficient genotype (8644-27) gave a yield advantage of 1.3 t/ha over a monocrop maize supplied with 60 kg N/ha on farmers' fields in the moist savanna of Nigeria.Collection: CIMMYT Publications Collection
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Conference proceedings CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Publications Collection 633.15 EAS No. 5 (Browse shelf) 1 Available 1K624172
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Two field experiments were conducted during the 1993 and 1994 growing seasons at Samaru (7° 38' E; 11° 11' N), northern Nigeria, to evaluate N-use efficiency (kg grain per kg available soil N) and yield of 5 maize genotypes planted early in the season under five levels of N. The hybrid (8644-27) gave the highest grain yield and was the most N-use efficient genotype. It had a longer grain filling period, a higher harvest index, and a greater 1000-kernel weight than other genotypes. The most widely grown open pollinated variety (TZB-SR) was the least efficient in utilizing available soil N for grain production, although it had the highest number of kernels per ear and total above-ground dry matter. The semiprolific (SPL) and EV8728-SR genotypes appeared to have a higher potential to adapt to nitrogen stress than other genotypes. They had higher grain yields under zero-N in both years, but the differences were not significant. They also showed greater synchronization of anthesis and silking, which indicates better ability to tolerate nitrogen stress. Traits such as extended grain filling and 1000-kernel weight should be further investigated for inclusion in a breeding scheme to increase maize yield. Early planting to capture the N flush, and application of a suboptimal amount of N (60 kg/ha at 2 WAP) was adequate for production of all the genotypes under the loamy soil conditions of the chosen site. A combination of legume rotation, 60 kg N/ha, and an N-use efficient genotype (8644-27) gave a yield advantage of 1.3 t/ha over a monocrop maize supplied with 60 kg N/ha on farmers' fields in the moist savanna of Nigeria.

English

9712|AGRIS 9702

Jose Juan Caballero

CIMMYT Publications Collection

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