Normal view MARC view ISBD view

An analysis of the socio-economic factors that influence chemical fertilizer use among smallholder maize producers in Western Kenya

By: Mose, L.O | Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT), Mexico DF (Mexico).
Contributor(s): Mugunieri, L.G [coaut.] | Nyangito, H.O [coaut.] | Ransom, J.K.|Palmer, A.F.E.|Zambezi, B.T.|Mduruma, Z.O.|Waddington, S.R.|Pixley, K.V.|Jewell, D.C [eds.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookAnalytics: Show analyticsPublisher: Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) CIMMYT : 1997ISBN: 92-9146-025-7.Subject(s): Chemical control | Fertilizers | Food policies | Kenya | Socioeconomic development | CIMMYT | Food security | Zea mays AGROVOCDDC classification: 633.15 Summary: A major objective of the National Food Policy for the Government of Kenya is the attainment of household and national food security. Fertilizer is an important input necessary to achieve this objective. However, a wide range of socio-economic factors affect its use. This study was formulated to identify and document the major determinants of fertilizer use in Kisii, Kakamega and Trans Nzoia districts in Western Kenya. The study collected data on fertilizer use from a random sample of 120 farmers using a structured questionnaire over the 1995 major maize growing season. The study found that the amount of fertilizer used varies in the regions. The lowest amounts were for Kisii. These averaged 12.5 kg N/ha and 19.3 kg/ha P2O,. The average usage in Kakamega was 31.7 kg/N and 22.3 kg/ha P2O5 where Striga infestation is a problem while the highest usage was 47.0 kg/ha N and 45.5 kg P205/ha in Trans Nzoia. Our analysis indicated that the factors which determine fertilizer use include the normalized price of fertilizer, farm size, extension, liquidity position of farmers and off-farm employment. Despite the differences in fertilizer use, most farmers (58.7%) in these regions have maintained the levels of fertilizer use over the last five years. We recommend the government improve institutional access (credit and extension) to farmers. It is further recommended that Striga should be controlled before any attempt is made to encourage farmers to use fertilizers.Collection: CIMMYT Publications Collection
Tags from this library: No tags from this library for this title. Log in to add tags.
    average rating: 0.0 (0 votes)
Item type Current location Collection Call number Copy number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Conference proceedings CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Publications Collection 633.15 EAS No. 5 (Browse shelf) 1 Available J624172
Total holds: 0

A major objective of the National Food Policy for the Government of Kenya is the attainment of household and national food security. Fertilizer is an important input necessary to achieve this objective. However, a wide range of socio-economic factors affect its use. This study was formulated to identify and document the major determinants of fertilizer use in Kisii, Kakamega and Trans Nzoia districts in Western Kenya. The study collected data on fertilizer use from a random sample of 120 farmers using a structured questionnaire over the 1995 major maize growing season. The study found that the amount of fertilizer used varies in the regions. The lowest amounts were for Kisii. These averaged 12.5 kg N/ha and 19.3 kg/ha P2O,. The average usage in Kakamega was 31.7 kg/N and 22.3 kg/ha P2O5 where Striga infestation is a problem while the highest usage was 47.0 kg/ha N and 45.5 kg P205/ha in Trans Nzoia. Our analysis indicated that the factors which determine fertilizer use include the normalized price of fertilizer, farm size, extension, liquidity position of farmers and off-farm employment. Despite the differences in fertilizer use, most farmers (58.7%) in these regions have maintained the levels of fertilizer use over the last five years. We recommend the government improve institutional access (credit and extension) to farmers. It is further recommended that Striga should be controlled before any attempt is made to encourage farmers to use fertilizers.

English

9712|AGRIS 9702

Jose Juan Caballero

CIMMYT Publications Collection

There are no comments for this item.

Log in to your account to post a comment.
baner

International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) © Copyright 2015. Carretera México-Veracruz. Km. 45, El Batán, Texcoco, México, C.P. 56237.
Monday –Friday 9:00 am. 17:00 pm. If you have any question, please contact us at CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org

Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo (CIMMYT) © Copyright 2015. Carretera México-Veracruz. Km. 45, El Batán, Texcoco, México, C.P. 56237.
Lunes –Viernes 9:00 am. 17:00 pm. Si tiene cualquier pregunta, contáctenos a CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org