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Multi market analysis of Sudan's wheat policies: Implications for fiscal deficits, self sufficiency and the external balance

By: Hassan, R. M.
Contributor(s): D'Silva, B [coaut.] | Greenshields, B.|Bellamy, M.A [eds.] | Mwangi, W.M [coaut.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookAnalytics: Show analyticsPublisher: 1992Subject(s): Agricultural policies | Economic analysis | Food consumption | Market competition | Models | Nonoptimizing methods | Self sufficiency | Wheats AGROVOCDDC classification: 338.1 Online resources: Access only for CIMMYT Staff Summary: Highly subsidized bread prices financed partially through wheat aid and over valued currency, have stimulated rapid growth in wheat consumption in Sudan at the expense of other staple grains such as sorghum and millet. Due to inefticient production methods and the resultant low wheat yields, domestic supply has lagged behind demand. Faced by serious foreign exchange shortages, scvere internal and external imbalances and reduced availability of food aid, Sudan could not sustain dependence on external sources to bridge the growing wheat gap. Given the political difficulties associated with managing demand" the government has chosen to promote local production. Research results which have shown high potent ial gains in wheat yield under improved crop management was another factor behind choosing the supply strategy. A dynamic multi-market model was dcveloped and used to evaluate alternative supply promoting and dcmand control strategies. Competition with alternative productive uses of the country's scarce agricultural resourccs, as well as substitution between wheat and other cereal grains in consumption were analyzed. Impacts of the various policies on net exports, food security and the budget arc measured and compared. Policy analysis results indicate the significant contribution of production efficiency, reduced COllsumer subsidies and elimination of relative price distortions, to higher self-sufficiency ami lower intern;.ll and external deficits.
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Copy number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Conference proceedings CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection 338.1 INT 1988 No. 6 (Browse shelf) 1 Available 627029
Conference proceedings CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection 338.1 INT 1988 No. 6 (Browse shelf) 2 Available 620153
Total holds: 0

Highly subsidized bread prices financed partially through wheat aid and over valued currency, have stimulated rapid growth in wheat consumption in Sudan at the expense of other staple grains such as sorghum and millet. Due to inefticient production methods and the resultant low wheat yields, domestic supply has lagged behind demand. Faced by serious foreign exchange shortages, scvere internal and external imbalances and reduced availability of food aid, Sudan could not sustain dependence on external sources to bridge the growing wheat gap. Given the political difficulties associated with managing demand" the government has chosen to promote local production. Research results which have shown high potent ial gains in wheat yield under improved crop management was another factor behind choosing the supply strategy. A dynamic multi-market model was dcveloped and used to evaluate alternative supply promoting and dcmand control strategies. Competition with alternative productive uses of the country's scarce agricultural resourccs, as well as substitution between wheat and other cereal grains in consumption were analyzed. Impacts of the various policies on net exports, food security and the budget arc measured and compared. Policy analysis results indicate the significant contribution of production efficiency, reduced COllsumer subsidies and elimination of relative price distortions, to higher self-sufficiency ami lower intern;.ll and external deficits.

Global Maize Program

English

R92PROCE|R100ECO|EP|EconomicsPubs|MIC 12027-R

INT1320

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