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Maize in the rice-wheat rotation of Indo-gangetic plains

By: Gupta, R.K | Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT), Mexico, DF (Mexico).
Contributor(s): Gonzalez Ceniceros, F [coaut.] | Paliwal, S [coaut.] | Prabhakar, S.V.R.K [coaut.] | Srinivasan, G.|Zaidi, P.H.|Prasanna, B.M.|Gonzalez, F.|Lesnick, K [eds.] | Srivastava, A.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookAnalytics: Show analyticsPublisher: Mexico, DF (Mexico) CIMMYT : 2004Description: p. 205-213.ISBN: 970-648-116-8.Subject(s): Cropping systems | Growing media | Irrigation rates | Maize | Production economics | Rice | South Asia | Wheat | CIMMYT | Food securitySummary: The rice-wheat rotation is the most important cropping system in south Asia because of its role in food security as consumers here prefer wheat 'chapati' and rice. Overexploitation of groundwater and other natural resources resulted in either stagnation or decline in total factor productivity in this rotation and calls for a systems approach to revive agriculture in this region. There is a need to diversify rice-wheat rotation and opportunities exist to do so. Keeping in view the nutritional and income security of the population in South Asian countries, this paper discusses how tillage and crop establishment can provide options to the farmers for diversification of rice-wheat rotation through incorporation of maize. Some of the options include growing maize in zero-till and raised bed systems, and introducing maize as an intercrop in the existing preferred crops. The alternative tillage and crop establishment practices help reduce some of the problems identified by improving maize productivity in the region such as late planting while improving the resource use efficiency.Collection: CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection
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Conference proceedings CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection CIS-4291 (Browse shelf) 1 Available 630606
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The rice-wheat rotation is the most important cropping system in south Asia because of its role in food security as consumers here prefer wheat 'chapati' and rice. Overexploitation of groundwater and other natural resources resulted in either stagnation or decline in total factor productivity in this rotation and calls for a systems approach to revive agriculture in this region. There is a need to diversify rice-wheat rotation and opportunities exist to do so. Keeping in view the nutritional and income security of the population in South Asian countries, this paper discusses how tillage and crop establishment can provide options to the farmers for diversification of rice-wheat rotation through incorporation of maize. Some of the options include growing maize in zero-till and raised bed systems, and introducing maize as an intercrop in the existing preferred crops. The alternative tillage and crop establishment practices help reduce some of the problems identified by improving maize productivity in the region such as late planting while improving the resource use efficiency.

Borlaug Institute for South Asia

English

0501|AGRIS 0501|AL-Maize Program

Juan Carlos Mendieta

CGUR01

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection

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Lunes –Viernes 9:00 am. 17:00 pm. Si tiene cualquier pregunta, contáctenos a CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org