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Wheat breeding in Armenia

By: Semerdjyan, S.P | Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT) | Tbilisi (Georgia) 14-17 Jun 2004.
Contributor(s): Bedoshvili, D [ed.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookAnalytics: Show analyticsPublisher: Tbilisi (Georgia) CIMMYT : 2004Description: p. 294-295.Subject(s): Armenia | Farms | Germplasm | Grain crops | Grain yield | Sowing AGROVOC | Varieties | Wheat | CIMMYT | Triticum | Plant breeding AGROVOCDDC classification: 633.1147 Summary: Wheat is the most widespread and common agricultural crop in Armenia. Its importance increased after the land privatization, when at the expense of reduction of fruit plantations, vineyards, perennial green forage and other crops: the sowing area of cereals, and winter wheat in particular, considerably extended. Thus, in 2003 the total areas sown to grain crops was 204605 ha, 130000 ha of which fell on winter wheat, i.e. 26.3% of the total arable land. If we take into consideration that in 2003 the sowing area of agricultural crops was 310.5 thousand ha, the actual share of cereals and in particular winter wheat was 65.9% and 41.9 %, respectively. Wheat, in fact, has become monoculture for the majority of the farms. Wheat is not introduced to Armenia. The country is actually one of the main centers, where the species Triticum originated. Breeding activities have been conducted in Armenia since the old times. Formerly, wheat breeding was carried out through the method of individual selection. Rich wheat germplasm in Armenia largely contributed to wheat improvement. By means of farmer breeding many different local domestic varieties were developed in various regions of Armenia. During the 1940-ies, 22 wheat varieties selected from local populations were cultivated in Armenia. The best of them were varieties Karmir Slfaact, Altiachag, Spitakaat, Gyulgyani and Agar. However, the sowing area of the local indigenous varieties used to diminish year by year, as breeder local and introduced varieties replaced them. The data on wheat varieties developed in Armenia is presented in table below. Presently, valuable germplasm collection has been accumulated in Research Center of Agricuture and Plant Protection. This germplasm is evaluated and the best entries are selected and tested through the traditional methods.Collection: CIMMYT Publications Collection
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Conference proceedings CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Publications Collection 633.1147 BED (Browse shelf) 1 Available 2E630072
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Abstract only

Wheat is the most widespread and common agricultural crop in Armenia. Its importance increased after the land privatization, when at the expense of reduction of fruit plantations, vineyards, perennial green forage and other crops: the sowing area of cereals, and winter wheat in particular, considerably extended. Thus, in 2003 the total areas sown to grain crops was 204605 ha, 130000 ha of which fell on winter wheat, i.e. 26.3% of the total arable land. If we take into consideration that in 2003 the sowing area of agricultural crops was 310.5 thousand ha, the actual share of cereals and in particular winter wheat was 65.9% and 41.9 %, respectively. Wheat, in fact, has become monoculture for the majority of the farms. Wheat is not introduced to Armenia. The country is actually one of the main centers, where the species Triticum originated. Breeding activities have been conducted in Armenia since the old times. Formerly, wheat breeding was carried out through the method of individual selection. Rich wheat germplasm in Armenia largely contributed to wheat improvement. By means of farmer breeding many different local domestic varieties were developed in various regions of Armenia. During the 1940-ies, 22 wheat varieties selected from local populations were cultivated in Armenia. The best of them were varieties Karmir Slfaact, Altiachag, Spitakaat, Gyulgyani and Agar. However, the sowing area of the local indigenous varieties used to diminish year by year, as breeder local and introduced varieties replaced them. The data on wheat varieties developed in Armenia is presented in table below. Presently, valuable germplasm collection has been accumulated in Research Center of Agricuture and Plant Protection. This germplasm is evaluated and the best entries are selected and tested through the traditional methods.

English

0409|AGRIS 0401|AL-Wheat Program

Juan Carlos Mendieta

CIMMYT Publications Collection

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Si tiene cualquier pregunta, contáctenos a CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org