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Summary and conclusion of session on inaugural papers

By: Paroda, R.S | Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT), Mexico, DF (Mexico) | 7, Proceedings of the Asian Regional Maize Workshop Los Baños (Philippines) 23-27 Feb 1998.
Contributor(s): Bicar, E [coaut.] | Vasal, S.K.|Gonzalez Ceniceros, F.|XiongMing, F [eds.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookAnalytics: Show analyticsPublisher: Los Baños, Laguna (Philippines) PCARRD : 2000Description: p. 608-609.Subject(s): Apomixis | Biotechnology | Cropping systems | Environment | Feed production | Germplasm | Human resources | Maize | Private sector | Seed production | Tripsacum | Hybrids AGROVOCSummary: I. Developing nations in Asia will have to make the following efforts to cope with present|economic crisis:||.Increased effort towards maize production to ensure less dependence on imports. Hence, developing countries must ensure higher self -sufficiency for maize in future|.Greater emphasis on use of High Yielding Varieties (HYV)/Hybrids to increase productivity. Domestic seed agencies need to be activated more than in the past.|.Promotion of efforts towards food diversification to ensure less dependence on maize especially for feed purposes.|.More support for R&D on maize to be extended both by the Public and Private Sector .|.Breeding of improved germplasm which can tolerate biotic and abiotic stresses much better|and yield more with less inputs.|2. While ensuring sustainability of maize production systems, productivity aspects cannot be overlooked. In this context, sustainability systems must be given high priority. Rice -fallow offer great opportunity and the use of soybean in maize based production system needs to be examined. In the future, while studying the sustainability of maize based cropping systems, farmer's practice must be kept into consideration and scientifically examined.|3. GIS and crop modeling offer new opportunities in understanding production constraints and could help in improving productivity in future. Hence, required scientific and higher R&D support would be helpful in future relating to information technology and environmental science.|4. It is encouraging that CIMMYT has strengthened its Biotechnology program on maize and addressing important concerns relating to drought tolerance and borer resistance. Work on molecular makers, using the latest techniques, need to be further supported to identify genes controlling the trait Silking -Anthesis index (SAI). Similarly, Bt Transgenics in maize would be of much help to the developing NARS in future. CIMMYT must continue to support these programs in future.|5. To get the required benefits from biotechnology, developing countries in Asia must consider issues relative to IPR, Biosafety and conservation of genetic resources. They must intensify their literacy campaign for IPR related issues and understand glabal developments relating to GA TT and CBD. Sui Generis systems on use of lines with UPOV or plant patents need to be devised to ensure farmers rights relating to free use of seed for production and also for research purposes.|6. For sharing of research material with the Private Sector, suitable mechanisms need to be devised for benefit sharing if needed, and PVP act needs to be put in place to avoid possible conflicts in future.|7. Networks in the region play an important role for sharing information, exchange of germplasm and improved materials, institution building and human resource development. "T AMNET" is a success story where besides being NARS driven, it has participation of private sector as well supported for facilitation purpose by CIMMYT, F AO and AP AARI. This network needs to be further strengthened through active involvement of CIMMYT, especially to address the needs of providing single cross maize hybrids and human resource development relating to research on hybrids and seed production technology. For sustainability of these networks, besides support of CG Centres, NARS own contribution must be explored while encouraging effective involvement of the Private Sector.|8. For vertical gains in maize productivity, the role of hybrids, especially single cross hybrids, has to be well appreciated and supported by NARs in Asia. Hybrid Technology offers great challenges and opportunities. Public sector must strengthen their hybrid research program and allocate more resources to support scientific efforts. CIMMYT's efforts in this regard are a welcome step and must further be pursued. Role of Private Sector to promote hybrid technology is considered crucial and hence needed policy support be ensured for expected benefits. Intensification of hybrid adoption would go a long way in promoting maize production in the region. As a long term objective, research work relating to haploids need to be also strengthened and appreciated. Also basic work on use of "Apomixis", presently available in Tripsacum, be explored to cut on seed production cost of hybrids in future.Collection: CIMMYT Publications Collection
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I. Developing nations in Asia will have to make the following efforts to cope with present|economic crisis:||.Increased effort towards maize production to ensure less dependence on imports. Hence, developing countries must ensure higher self -sufficiency for maize in future|.Greater emphasis on use of High Yielding Varieties (HYV)/Hybrids to increase productivity. Domestic seed agencies need to be activated more than in the past.|.Promotion of efforts towards food diversification to ensure less dependence on maize especially for feed purposes.|.More support for R&D on maize to be extended both by the Public and Private Sector .|.Breeding of improved germplasm which can tolerate biotic and abiotic stresses much better|and yield more with less inputs.|2. While ensuring sustainability of maize production systems, productivity aspects cannot be overlooked. In this context, sustainability systems must be given high priority. Rice -fallow offer great opportunity and the use of soybean in maize based production system needs to be examined. In the future, while studying the sustainability of maize based cropping systems, farmer's practice must be kept into consideration and scientifically examined.|3. GIS and crop modeling offer new opportunities in understanding production constraints and could help in improving productivity in future. Hence, required scientific and higher R&D support would be helpful in future relating to information technology and environmental science.|4. It is encouraging that CIMMYT has strengthened its Biotechnology program on maize and addressing important concerns relating to drought tolerance and borer resistance. Work on molecular makers, using the latest techniques, need to be further supported to identify genes controlling the trait Silking -Anthesis index (SAI). Similarly, Bt Transgenics in maize would be of much help to the developing NARS in future. CIMMYT must continue to support these programs in future.|5. To get the required benefits from biotechnology, developing countries in Asia must consider issues relative to IPR, Biosafety and conservation of genetic resources. They must intensify their literacy campaign for IPR related issues and understand glabal developments relating to GA TT and CBD. Sui Generis systems on use of lines with UPOV or plant patents need to be devised to ensure farmers rights relating to free use of seed for production and also for research purposes.|6. For sharing of research material with the Private Sector, suitable mechanisms need to be devised for benefit sharing if needed, and PVP act needs to be put in place to avoid possible conflicts in future.|7. Networks in the region play an important role for sharing information, exchange of germplasm and improved materials, institution building and human resource development. "T AMNET" is a success story where besides being NARS driven, it has participation of private sector as well supported for facilitation purpose by CIMMYT, F AO and AP AARI. This network needs to be further strengthened through active involvement of CIMMYT, especially to address the needs of providing single cross maize hybrids and human resource development relating to research on hybrids and seed production technology. For sustainability of these networks, besides support of CG Centres, NARS own contribution must be explored while encouraging effective involvement of the Private Sector.|8. For vertical gains in maize productivity, the role of hybrids, especially single cross hybrids, has to be well appreciated and supported by NARs in Asia. Hybrid Technology offers great challenges and opportunities. Public sector must strengthen their hybrid research program and allocate more resources to support scientific efforts. CIMMYT's efforts in this regard are a welcome step and must further be pursued. Role of Private Sector to promote hybrid technology is considered crucial and hence needed policy support be ensured for expected benefits. Intensification of hybrid adoption would go a long way in promoting maize production in the region. As a long term objective, research work relating to haploids need to be also strengthened and appreciated. Also basic work on use of "Apomixis", presently available in Tripsacum, be explored to cut on seed production cost of hybrids in future.

English

0208|AGRIS 0201|AL-Maize Program|R01PROCE

Juan Carlos Mendieta

CIMMYT Publications Collection

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