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Maize Research in Pakistan

By: Aslam, M | Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT), Mexico, DF (Mexico) | 7, Proceedings of the Asian Regional Maize Workshop Los Baños (Philippines) 23-27 Feb 1998.
Contributor(s): Vasal, S.K.|Gonzalez Ceniceros, F.|XiongMing, F [eds.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookAnalytics: Show analyticsPublisher: Los Baños, Laguna (Philippines) PCARRD : 2000Description: p. 553-560.Subject(s): Crop management | Disease resistance | Food crops | Food supply | Grain crops | Maize | Pakistan | Public sector | Rice | Seed industry | Seed production | Wheat | Agricultural research AGROVOCSummary: Maize, the third important cereal after wheat and rice, has a significant position being the food grain and industrial crop in Pakistan. It accounts for 5.3% (0.9 million ha) of the total cropped area and contributes 3.1% the value of agricultural output. There has been a slight decrease in area under maize (1.2% per annum) during recent years and production remained almost stagnant during the last five years. An important aspect of this statistic is the very high yielding and rapidly growing sector of spring maize area, the production of which accounts for 15 -12% of the total area and almost 30 -35% of the total production. An annual increase of 20 -25% in maize area during spring season has been observed mainly because of very good yield level (5,500 kg/ha). High yield comes from use of hybrid seed especially single crosses and better crop management. The research emphasis in the public sector has been the development of open-pollinated varieties. The new germplasm developed is being evaluated/investigated for drought tolerance, density stress and disease resistance. Three new open-pollinated cultivars have been released in the past couple of years. In addition, two maize hybrids (one top cross and one single cross) from the public sector have also been given to farmers. Several single and double cross hybrids by different multinational companies have been introduced/distributed to spring maize growers. Seed production of O.P. varieties is still a major problem. The only organized seed producing source are the public research organizations that can hardly meet 3-5% of the need for improved seed. Farmers are being encouraged to produce seeds by offering several incentives/facilities. Inspite of all efforts and contributions made to increase the maize production there has been a serious set back because of fluctuating pricing situation. There has not been a sufficient and effective market demand for maize to encourage farmers to adopt improved technology. Any increase in production beyond the limited dem~d would result in a surplus which would not probably find a market, and therefore will have a lower price.Collection: CIMMYT Publications Collection
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Maize, the third important cereal after wheat and rice, has a significant position being the food grain and industrial crop in Pakistan. It accounts for 5.3% (0.9 million ha) of the total cropped area and contributes 3.1% the value of agricultural output. There has been a slight decrease in area under maize (1.2% per annum) during recent years and production remained almost stagnant during the last five years. An important aspect of this statistic is the very high yielding and rapidly growing sector of spring maize area, the production of which accounts for 15 -12% of the total area and almost 30 -35% of the total production. An annual increase of 20 -25% in maize area during spring season has been observed mainly because of very good yield level (5,500 kg/ha). High yield comes from use of hybrid seed especially single crosses and better crop management. The research emphasis in the public sector has been the development of open-pollinated varieties. The new germplasm developed is being evaluated/investigated for drought tolerance, density stress and disease resistance. Three new open-pollinated cultivars have been released in the past couple of years. In addition, two maize hybrids (one top cross and one single cross) from the public sector have also been given to farmers. Several single and double cross hybrids by different multinational companies have been introduced/distributed to spring maize growers. Seed production of O.P. varieties is still a major problem. The only organized seed producing source are the public research organizations that can hardly meet 3-5% of the need for improved seed. Farmers are being encouraged to produce seeds by offering several incentives/facilities. Inspite of all efforts and contributions made to increase the maize production there has been a serious set back because of fluctuating pricing situation. There has not been a sufficient and effective market demand for maize to encourage farmers to adopt improved technology. Any increase in production beyond the limited dem~d would result in a surplus which would not probably find a market, and therefore will have a lower price.

English

0208|AGRIS 0201|AL-Maize Program|R01PROCE

Juan Carlos Mendieta

CIMMYT Publications Collection

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