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Nitrogen content of winter wheat during growth and maturation

By: Daigger, L.A.
Contributor(s): Sander, D.H | Peterson, G.A.
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticlePublisher: Madison, WI (USA) : ASA, 1976ISSN: 0002-1962; 1435-0645 (Online).Subject(s): Nitrogen | Winter wheat | Growth | Maturation In: Agronomy Journal v. 68, no. 5, p. 815-818Summary: Preliminary studies showed that winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was losing relatively large amounts of N during the grain formation growth period. In order to further document this N loss, winter wheat plants were sampled at different times and at different locations before and after anthesis until maturity. The objective was to determine the nature and extent of dry matter and N losses that occur during the later stages of wheat development as influenced by N fertilization. While N is translocated rapidly from other plant parts to the grain after anthesis, total N losses ranged from 25 to 80 kg ha−1 in different experiments. These losses occurred during the grain filling period after anthesis. Dry matter and N losses were attributed primarily to the stems where 83 to 87% of dry matter losses occurred and 73 to 75% of the N. Dry matter and N losses from leaves and roots were relatively small. The N losses increased with increasing rates of N application. Plant N losses could account for much of the N losses found in soil N balance studies and certainly influence calculations involving fertilizer N efficiency. Grain protein could be doubled if plant N losses could be translocated instead into the grain.
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Article CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

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Preliminary studies showed that winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was losing relatively large amounts of N during the grain formation growth period. In order to further document this N loss, winter wheat plants were sampled at different times and at different locations before and after anthesis until maturity. The objective was to determine the nature and extent of dry matter and N losses that occur during the later stages of wheat development as influenced by N fertilization. While N is translocated rapidly from other plant parts to the grain after anthesis, total N losses ranged from 25 to 80 kg ha−1 in different experiments. These losses occurred during the grain filling period after anthesis. Dry matter and N losses were attributed primarily to the stems where 83 to 87% of dry matter losses occurred and 73 to 75% of the N. Dry matter and N losses from leaves and roots were relatively small. The N losses increased with increasing rates of N application. Plant N losses could account for much of the N losses found in soil N balance studies and certainly influence calculations involving fertilizer N efficiency. Grain protein could be doubled if plant N losses could be translocated instead into the grain.

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Chipindu, L. : Not in IRS Staff list but CIMMYT Affiliation

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