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Chapter 5. Linear genomic selection indices

By: Ceron Rojas, J.J.
Contributor(s): Crossa, J.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookAnalytics: Show analyticsPublisher: Switzerland : Springer, 2018Subject(s): Linear models | Selection criteria | GeneticsOnline resources: Open Access through Dspace In: Linear selection indices in modern plant breeding p. 99-120Summary: The linear genomic selection index (LGSI) is a linear combination of genomic estimated breeding values (GEBVs) used to predict the individual net genetic merit and select individual candidates from a nonphenotyped testing population as parents of the next selection cycle. In the LGSI, phenotypic and marker data from the training population are fitted into a statistical model to estimate all individual available genome marker effects; these estimates can then be used in subsequent selection cycles to obtain GEBVs that are predictors of breeding values in a testing population for which there is only marker information. The GEBVs are obtained by multiplying the estimated marker effects in the training population by the coded marker values obtained in the testing population in each selection cycle. Applying the LGSI in plant or animal breeding requires the candidates to be genotyped for selection to obtain the GEBV, and predicting and ranking the net genetic merit of the candidates for selection using the LGSI. We describe the LGSI and show that it is a direct application of the linear phenotypic selection index theory in the genomic selection context; next, we present the combined LGSI (CLGSI), which uses phenotypic and GEBV information jointly to predict the net genetic merit. The CLGSI can be used only in training populations when there are phenotypic and maker information, whereas the LGSI is used in testing populations where there is only marker information. We validate the theoretical results of the LGSI and CLGSI using real and simulated data.
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Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

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The linear genomic selection index (LGSI) is a linear combination of genomic estimated breeding values (GEBVs) used to predict the individual net genetic merit and select individual candidates from a nonphenotyped testing population as parents of the next selection cycle. In the LGSI, phenotypic and marker data from the training population are fitted into a statistical model to estimate all individual available genome marker effects; these estimates can then be used in subsequent selection cycles to obtain GEBVs that are predictors of breeding values in a testing population for which there is only marker information. The GEBVs are obtained by multiplying the estimated marker effects in the training population by the coded marker values obtained in the testing population in each selection cycle. Applying the LGSI in plant or animal breeding requires the candidates to be genotyped for selection to obtain the GEBV, and predicting and ranking the net genetic merit of the candidates for selection using the LGSI. We describe the LGSI and show that it is a direct application of the linear phenotypic selection index theory in the genomic selection context; next, we present the combined LGSI (CLGSI), which uses phenotypic and GEBV information jointly to predict the net genetic merit. The CLGSI can be used only in training populations when there are phenotypic and maker information, whereas the LGSI is used in testing populations where there is only marker information. We validate the theoretical results of the LGSI and CLGSI using real and simulated data.

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Ceron Rojas, J.J. : Not in IRS staff list but CIMMYT Affiliation

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