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Chapter 3. Constrained linear phenotypic selection indices

By: Ceron Rojas, J.J.
Contributor(s): Crossa, J.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookAnalytics: Show analyticsPublisher: Switzerland : Springer, 2018Subject(s): Linear models | Genetics | Selection criteriaOnline resources: Open Access through Dspace In: Linear selection indices in modern plant breeding p. 43-69Summary: The linear phenotypic selection index (LPSI), the null restricted LPSI (RLPSI), and the predetermined proportional gains LPSI (PPG-LPSI) are the main phenotypic selection indices used to predict the net genetic merit and select parents for the next selection cycle. The LPSI is an unrestricted index, whereas the RLPSI and the PPG-LPSI allow restrictions equal to zero and predetermined proportional gain restrictions respectively to be imposed on the expected genetic gain values of the trait to make some traits change their mean values based on a predetermined level while the rest of the trait means remain without restrictions. One additional restricted index is the desired gains LPSI (DG-LPSI), which does not require economic weights and, in a similar manner to the PPG-LPSI, allows restrictions to be imposed on the expected genetic gain values of the trait to make some traits change their mean values based on a predetermined level. The aims of RLPSI and PPG-LPSI are to maximize the selection response, the expected genetic gains per trait, and provide the breeder with an objective rule for evaluating and selecting parents for the next selection cycle based on several traits. This chapter describes the theory and practice of the RLPSI, PPG-LPSI, and DG-LPSI. We show that the PPG-LPSI is the most general index and includes the LPSI and the RLPSI as particular cases. Finally, we describe the DG-LPSI as a modification of the PPG-LPSI. We illustrate the theoretical results of all the indices using real and simulated data.
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Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

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The linear phenotypic selection index (LPSI), the null restricted LPSI (RLPSI), and the predetermined proportional gains LPSI (PPG-LPSI) are the main phenotypic selection indices used to predict the net genetic merit and select parents for the next selection cycle. The LPSI is an unrestricted index, whereas the RLPSI and the PPG-LPSI allow restrictions equal to zero and predetermined proportional gain restrictions respectively to be imposed on the expected genetic gain values of the trait to make some traits change their mean values based on a predetermined level while the rest of the trait means remain without restrictions. One additional restricted index is the desired gains LPSI (DG-LPSI), which does not require economic weights and, in a similar manner to the PPG-LPSI, allows restrictions to be imposed on the expected genetic gain values of the trait to make some traits change their mean values based on a predetermined level. The aims of RLPSI and PPG-LPSI are to maximize the selection response, the expected genetic gains per trait, and provide the breeder with an objective rule for evaluating and selecting parents for the next selection cycle based on several traits. This chapter describes the theory and practice of the RLPSI, PPG-LPSI, and DG-LPSI. We show that the PPG-LPSI is the most general index and includes the LPSI and the RLPSI as particular cases. Finally, we describe the DG-LPSI as a modification of the PPG-LPSI. We illustrate the theoretical results of all the indices using real and simulated data.

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Ceron Rojas, J.J. : Not in IRS staff list but CIMMYT Affiliation

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