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Chapter 1. General introduction

By: Ceron Rojas, J.J.
Contributor(s): Crossa, J.
Material type: materialTypeLabelChapterPublisher: Switzerland : Springer, 2018Subject(s): Linear models | Selection criteria | GeneticsOnline resources: Open Access through Dspace In: Linear selection indices in modern plant breeding p. 1-13Summary: We describe the main characteristics of two approaches to the linear selection indices theory. The first approach is called standard linear selection indices whereas the second of them is called eigen selection index methods. In the first approach, the economic weights are fixed and known, whereas in the second approach the economic weights are fixed but unknown. This is the main difference between both approaches and implies that the eigen selection index methods include to the standard linear selection indices because they do not require that the economic weights be known. Both types of indices predict the net genetic merit and maximize the selection response, and they give the breeder an objective criterion to select individuals as parents for the next selection cycle. In addition, in the prediction they can use phenotypic, markers, and genomic information. In both approaches, the indices can be unrestricted, null restricted or predetermined proportional gains and can be used in the context of single-stage or multistage breeding selection schemes. We describe the main characteristics of the two approaches to the linear selection indices theory and we finish this chapter describing the Lagrange multiplier method, which is the main tool to maximize the selection index responses.
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Book part CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection Available
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Open Access

We describe the main characteristics of two approaches to the linear selection indices theory. The first approach is called standard linear selection indices whereas the second of them is called eigen selection index methods. In the first approach, the economic weights are fixed and known, whereas in the second approach the economic weights are fixed but unknown. This is the main difference between both approaches and implies that the eigen selection index methods include to the standard linear selection indices because they do not require that the economic weights be known. Both types of indices predict the net genetic merit and maximize the selection response, and they give the breeder an objective criterion to select individuals as parents for the next selection cycle. In addition, in the prediction they can use phenotypic, markers, and genomic information. In both approaches, the indices can be unrestricted, null restricted or predetermined proportional gains and can be used in the context of single-stage or multistage breeding selection schemes. We describe the main characteristics of the two approaches to the linear selection indices theory and we finish this chapter describing the Lagrange multiplier method, which is the main tool to maximize the selection index responses.

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Ceron Rojas, J.J. : Not in IRS staff list but CIMMYT Affiliation

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