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Impact of irrigation water scarcity on rural household food security and income in Pakistan

By: Rahut, D.B.
Contributor(s): Imtiaz, M | Ali, A | Mottaleb, K.A | Erenstein, O.
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticlePublisher: London, United Kingdom : IWA Publishing, 2016Subject(s): Food security -- PakistanOnline resources: Access only for CIMMYT Staff In: Water Science and Technology v. 16, no. 3, p. 675-683Summary: As Pakistan is currently facing a severe shortage of irrigation water, this paper analyzes the determinants of water scarcity and its impact on the yield of cereal crops (wheat, maize and rice), household income, food security and poverty levels by employing the propensity-score-matching approach. This study is based on a comprehensive set of cross-sectional data collected from 950 farmers from all four major provinces in Pakistan. The empirical analysis indicated that farmers with a water-scarcity problem have lower yield and household income, and are food insecure. Poverty levels were higher: in the range of 7–12% for a household facing a water-scarcity problem. The policy implications of the study are that the public and private sector in Pakistan needs to invest in irrigation water management to maintain the productivity of cereal crops which is important for household food security and poverty reduction.
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Article CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection Available
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As Pakistan is currently facing a severe shortage of irrigation water, this paper analyzes the determinants of water scarcity and its impact on the yield of cereal crops (wheat, maize and rice), household income, food security and poverty levels by employing the propensity-score-matching approach. This study is based on a comprehensive set of cross-sectional data collected from 950 farmers from all four major provinces in Pakistan. The empirical analysis indicated that farmers with a water-scarcity problem have lower yield and household income, and are food insecure. Poverty levels were higher: in the range of 7–12% for a household facing a water-scarcity problem. The policy implications of the study are that the public and private sector in Pakistan needs to invest in irrigation water management to maintain the productivity of cereal crops which is important for household food security and poverty reduction.

Maize CRP FP1 - Sustainable intensification of maize-based farming systems

Wheat CRP FP1 - Maximizing value for money, social inclusivity through prioritizing WHEAT R4D investments

Socioeconomics Program

Global Wheat Program

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INT3364

I1706046

INT3326

I1706152

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