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Linking global and local approaches to agricultural technology development : the role of participatory plant breeding research in the CGIAR

By: Bellon, M.R.
Contributor(s): Morris, M.L.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookSeries: CIMMYT Economics Working Paper ; 02-03.Analytics: Show analyticsPublisher: Mexico : CIMMYT, 2002Description: vi, 22 pages.Subject(s): Agricultural development | Breeding methods | Crops | Germplasm | Innovation adoption | Research projectsOnline resources: Open Access through Dspace Summary: This paper describes the current state of international plant breeding research and explains why centralized approach to germplasm improvement, so successful in the past, is being transformed by decentralized local breeding methods that incorporate the perspective of end users in varietal development. The paper examines international breeding efforts for major crops and identifies factors that contributed to its success, describes shortcomings of the global approach to plant breeding, and explains why future successes will depend on researchers’ ability to incorporate the knowledge and preferences of technology users. The paper then reviews a number of participatory research methods that are currently being tested in the developing world and highlights a range of approaches in different settings and with different crops. Finally, the paper discusses potential synergies that can be achieved by linking centralized and decentralized global methods and the technical, economic, and institutional challenges that have to be overcome to integrate end-user based participatory approaches into the international plant breeding system.Collection: CIMMYT Publications Collection
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Book CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Publications Collection Look under series title (Browse shelf) 1 Available 631800
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Open Access

This paper describes the current state of international plant breeding research and explains why centralized approach to germplasm improvement, so successful in the past, is being transformed by decentralized local breeding methods that incorporate the perspective of end users in varietal development. The paper examines international breeding efforts for major crops and identifies factors that contributed to its success, describes shortcomings of the global approach to plant breeding, and explains why future successes will depend on researchers’ ability to incorporate the knowledge and preferences of technology users. The paper then reviews a number of participatory research methods that are currently being tested in the developing world and highlights a range of approaches in different settings and with different crops. Finally, the paper discusses potential synergies that can be achieved by linking centralized and decentralized global methods and the technical, economic, and institutional challenges that have to be overcome to integrate end-user based participatory approaches into the international plant breeding system.

Socioeconomics Program

Text in English

LSLinks|0210|AGRIS 0202|AL-Economics Program|R02CIMPU|DSpace 1

CIMMYT Publications Collection

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