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Use of biotechnology in wheat breeding in the Southern Cone Region

By: Kohli, M.M | Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT), Mexico DF (Mexico).
Contributor(s): Kohli, M.M.|Francis, M [eds.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookAnalytics: Show analyticsPublisher: Montevideo (Uruguay) CIMMYT : 2000Description: 1-16.ISBN: 9974-7586-1-0.Subject(s): Biotechnology | Food production | Genetic variation | Haploidy AGROVOC | South America | CIMMYT | Triticum | Plant breeding AGROVOCSummary: Wheat is an important crop for the winter season in the Southern cone region of South America. Given the spread of its cultivation under different ecological and management environments, it makes a critical contribution to the regional economy Most wheat breeding programs are conventional and have made significant progress in grain yield and other|agronomic characters.||The present study reports the responses to a biotech survey among major wheat breeding programs of the region and CIMMYT The results show a very hig level of interest and knowledge among the wheat breeders regarding different biotechnologies and methodologies available for germplasm improvement, but very few of them have been utilized with varying rates of success. The reasons for the lack of adoption are explored. Most believe that application of some technologies such as double-haploids and molecular markers will probably be widespread in wheat improvement programs over the next decade or so. The use of molecular markers will be primarily sought to screen for industrial quality and biotic stress characteristics.||There is visible concern regarding foreseeable reduction in the free exchange of germplasm internationally and its safe keeping in the gene-banks. Several ideas to keep genetic variability flowing among the programs are proposed.Collection: CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection
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Conference proceedings CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection CIS-2885 (Browse shelf) 1 Available 649451
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Wheat is an important crop for the winter season in the Southern cone region of South America. Given the spread of its cultivation under different ecological and management environments, it makes a critical contribution to the regional economy Most wheat breeding programs are conventional and have made significant progress in grain yield and other|agronomic characters.||The present study reports the responses to a biotech survey among major wheat breeding programs of the region and CIMMYT The results show a very hig level of interest and knowledge among the wheat breeders regarding different biotechnologies and methodologies available for germplasm improvement, but very few of them have been utilized with varying rates of success. The reasons for the lack of adoption are explored. Most believe that application of some technologies such as double-haploids and molecular markers will probably be widespread in wheat improvement programs over the next decade or so. The use of molecular markers will be primarily sought to screen for industrial quality and biotic stress characteristics.||There is visible concern regarding foreseeable reduction in the free exchange of germplasm internationally and its safe keeping in the gene-banks. Several ideas to keep genetic variability flowing among the programs are proposed.

English

R99-00CIMPU|0011|EE|AL-Wheat Program|AGRIS 0102|3

Jose Juan Caballero

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection

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Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo (CIMMYT) © Copyright 2015. Carretera México-Veracruz. Km. 45, El Batán, Texcoco, México, C.P. 56237.
Lunes –Viernes 9:00 am. 17:00 pm. Si tiene cualquier pregunta, contáctenos a CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org