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Determination of economic threshold densities for the mayor weed species competing with bread wheat in Ethiopia

By: Taye Tessema | Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT), Addis Ababa (Ethiopia).
Contributor(s): Tanner, D.G [coaut.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookAnalytics: Show analyticsPublisher: Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) CIMMYT : 1999ISBN: 92-9146-058-3.Subject(s): Cropping patterns | Economic analysis | Ethiopia | Fertilizers | Grasses | Herbicides | Management | Weed control | Weeds | CIMMYT | Triticum aestivum AGROVOCSummary: Competition effects of four grass weed species (Avena abyssinica, Lolium temulentum, Snowdenia polystachya, and Phalaris paradoxa) and three broadleaf weed species (Guizotia scabra, Amaranthus retroflexus, and Galium spurium) on he grain yield, yield components and morphological characters of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) were studied in Ethiopia. The weed species varied significantly in their effects on the number of fertile wheat spikes m-2, grains per spike, thousand grain weight, biomass and grain yield, harvest index and plant height. A. abyssinica and S. polystachya were the most competitive grass weeds, reducing wheat yield components and morphological characters to a greater extent than L. temulentum and P. paradoxa. Grass species by seedling density interaction effects were significant for most of the crop and weed characters measured, indicating a differential rate response for individual species. The reduction in wheat grain yield at the maximum grass weed density of 320 seedlings m-2 ranged from 48 to 86% across the four species studied. Among the three broadleaf weed species, G. scabra exerted the greatest effect on wheat grain yield. The wheat yield reduction at the maximum broadleaf weed seedling density of 160 seedlings m-2 was 47.8,29.6 and 18.6% for G. scabra, A. retroflexus, and G. spurium, respectively. Competitive yield losses were fitted to a rectangular hyperbola model to facilitate the prediction of wheat grain yield loss, and to derive economic thresholds for herbicidal intervention in relation to weed seedling densityCollection: CIMMYT Publications Collection
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Conference proceedings CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Publications Collection Look under series title (Browse shelf) 1 Available W629146
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Competition effects of four grass weed species (Avena abyssinica, Lolium temulentum, Snowdenia polystachya, and Phalaris paradoxa) and three broadleaf weed species (Guizotia scabra, Amaranthus retroflexus, and Galium spurium) on he grain yield, yield components and morphological characters of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) were studied in Ethiopia. The weed species varied significantly in their effects on the number of fertile wheat spikes m-2, grains per spike, thousand grain weight, biomass and grain yield, harvest index and plant height. A. abyssinica and S. polystachya were the most competitive grass weeds, reducing wheat yield components and morphological characters to a greater extent than L. temulentum and P. paradoxa. Grass species by seedling density interaction effects were significant for most of the crop and weed characters measured, indicating a differential rate response for individual species. The reduction in wheat grain yield at the maximum grass weed density of 320 seedlings m-2 ranged from 48 to 86% across the four species studied. Among the three broadleaf weed species, G. scabra exerted the greatest effect on wheat grain yield. The wheat yield reduction at the maximum broadleaf weed seedling density of 160 seedlings m-2 was 47.8,29.6 and 18.6% for G. scabra, A. retroflexus, and G. spurium, respectively. Competitive yield losses were fitted to a rectangular hyperbola model to facilitate the prediction of wheat grain yield loss, and to derive economic thresholds for herbicidal intervention in relation to weed seedling density

English

0007|AGRIS 0101|R99-00CIMPU|AL-Wheat Program|AL-Economics Program

Jose Juan Caballero

CIMMYT Publications Collection

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