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Farmers' wheat seed sources and seed management in Chilalo Awraja

By: Regassa Ensermu | Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT), Addis Ababa (Ethiopia).
Contributor(s): Mohammed Hassena [coaut.] | Mwangi, W.M [coaut.] | Verkuijl, H [coaut.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookAnalytics: Show analyticsPublisher: Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) CIMMYT : 1999Description: p. 22-30.ISBN: 92-9146-058-3.Subject(s): Economic analysis | Ethiopia | Management | Research projects | Seed production | Seeds | Social Welfare | Varieties | CIMMYT | Genetic resources | Triticum | Plant breeding AGROVOCSummary: The Ethiopian wheat breeding program can benefit from information gathered at the farm level to determine where farmers get the wheat seed they use, where they get seed when they decide to change varieties, how often they change varieties, and how they manage seed retained from their own fields. Data for the study described in this paper were collected in 1995 from 180 farmers in Chilalo Awraja. The most common seed source for wheat planted in 1995/96 season was seed retained from the previous year's crop, followed by seed from the local market and other farmers. The farmers who retained their own seed sought to ensure its purity by cleaning it at planting, storing it separately, having separate field or seed and threshing it separately. Other farmers and the local market were the main sources of seed of new varieties. The weighted average age of varietal turn over was 13 years. This indicates the need to strengthen wheat breeding, extension service, formal seed production and distribution.Collection: CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection
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Conference proceedings CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection 1 Available C629146
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The Ethiopian wheat breeding program can benefit from information gathered at the farm level to determine where farmers get the wheat seed they use, where they get seed when they decide to change varieties, how often they change varieties, and how they manage seed retained from their own fields. Data for the study described in this paper were collected in 1995 from 180 farmers in Chilalo Awraja. The most common seed source for wheat planted in 1995/96 season was seed retained from the previous year's crop, followed by seed from the local market and other farmers. The farmers who retained their own seed sought to ensure its purity by cleaning it at planting, storing it separately, having separate field or seed and threshing it separately. Other farmers and the local market were the main sources of seed of new varieties. The weighted average age of varietal turn over was 13 years. This indicates the need to strengthen wheat breeding, extension service, formal seed production and distribution.

Global Maize Program

English

0006|AGRIS 0101|R99-00CIMPU|AL-Wheat Program|SEP archives 2

Jose Juan Caballero

INT1320

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection

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Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo (CIMMYT) © Copyright 2015. Carretera México-Veracruz. Km. 45, El Batán, Texcoco, México, C.P. 56237.
Si tiene cualquier pregunta, contáctenos a CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org