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Conservation agriculture and breeding for sustainable wheat production in Kazakhstan

By: Karabayev, M.
Contributor(s): Morgounov, A.I | Wall, P.C | Sayre, K.D | Zelenskiy, Y | Zhapayev, R | Dvurechenskii, V | Akhmetova, A.K | Friedrich, T | Fileccia, T | Guadagni, M.
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticlePublisher: Turquia : Bahri Dağdaş Bitkisel Araştırma Dergisi, 2014Subject(s): Conservation agriculture | Sustainable agriculture | KazakhstanOnline resources: Open Access through Dspace In: Journal of Bahri Dagdas Crop Research v. 1, no. 1-2, p. 50-53Summary: CIMMYT and Kazakhstan collaborative activities on wheat improvement are focused in the following main areas: a) Wheat germplasm enhancement: Kazakhstan- Siberian Network on Wheat Improvement (KASIB) and Shuttle Breeding “Mexico-KASIB” Programs; b) Conservation Agriculture (CA) for wheat production and crop diversification. 19 Breeding programs of Kazakhstan and Russia are united by KASIB Network and Shuttle Breeding. By 2013: more than 15,000 wheat lines and varieties involved in breeding programs of Kazakhstan and Russia; 10 varieties developed and released. The KASIB Network and Shuttle Breeding Program recognized as one of the best example of the effective regional and international cooperation in Kazakhstan and Russia. In the beginning of 2000 CIMMYT, National Agricultural Research System (NARS), the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), FAO, World Bank in cooperation with farmers initiated large-scale activities based on Conservation Agriculture (CA) in Kazakhstan. Due the joint efforts area under CA-based practices has been increasing from virtually none to an estimated area of: 500 000 ha in 2007; 1 200 000 ha in 2008; 1 850 000 ha in 2012 with continued rapid increases in area. Kazakhstan is now included among the top ten countries with the largest areas under No-tillage in the world. For Kazakhstan`s food security and increase its export potential the improvement of wheat production is one of the most important task and challenge. Increasing yield barrier, resistance to drought and diseases, the quality of wheat grain, shifting the breeding process to a qualitatively new level based on biotechnologies, rational use of natural resources, rehabilitation of the soil fertility have to the part of the national policy, a basis for sustainable economic development of any country and region (FAO, 2011; FAO, 2010). It is in exactly such areas of agricultural and biological sciences, as a system of Conservation Agriculture and modern effective approaches to the breeding process the cooperation between Kazakhstan and the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) is carried out.Collection: CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection
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Article CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection Available
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CIMMYT and Kazakhstan collaborative activities on wheat improvement are focused in the following main areas: a) Wheat germplasm enhancement: Kazakhstan- Siberian Network on Wheat Improvement (KASIB) and Shuttle Breeding “Mexico-KASIB” Programs; b) Conservation Agriculture (CA) for wheat production and crop diversification. 19 Breeding programs of Kazakhstan and Russia are united by KASIB Network and Shuttle Breeding. By 2013: more than 15,000 wheat lines and varieties involved in breeding programs of Kazakhstan and Russia; 10 varieties developed and released. The KASIB Network and Shuttle Breeding Program recognized as one of the best example of the effective regional and international cooperation in Kazakhstan and Russia. In the beginning of 2000 CIMMYT, National Agricultural Research System (NARS), the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), FAO, World Bank in cooperation with farmers initiated large-scale activities based on Conservation Agriculture (CA) in Kazakhstan. Due the joint efforts area under CA-based practices has been increasing from virtually none to an estimated area of: 500 000 ha in 2007; 1 200 000 ha in 2008; 1 850 000 ha in 2012 with continued rapid increases in area. Kazakhstan is now included among the top ten countries with the largest areas under No-tillage in the world. For Kazakhstan`s food security and increase its export potential the improvement of wheat production is one of the most important task and challenge. Increasing yield barrier, resistance to drought and diseases, the quality of wheat grain, shifting the breeding process to a qualitatively new level based on biotechnologies, rational use of natural resources, rehabilitation of the soil fertility have to the part of the national policy, a basis for sustainable economic development of any country and region (FAO, 2011; FAO, 2010). It is in exactly such areas of agricultural and biological sciences, as a system of Conservation Agriculture and modern effective approaches to the breeding process the cooperation between Kazakhstan and the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) is carried out.

Global Wheat Program|Conservation Agriculture Program

Text in English

CIMMYT Informa 2015

Sayre, K. : Non-active scientist

Zelenskiy, Y. : Not in IRS staff list but CIMMYT Affiliation

Zhapayev, R. : Not in IRS staff list but CIMMYT Affiliation

Akhmetova, A.K. : Not in IRS staff list but CIMMYT Affiliation

CKAM01|INT1787|INT0255|CSAY01

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection

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