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Improving developing country food security through aquaculture development-lessons from Asia

By: Ahmed, M.
Contributor(s): Lorica, M.H [coaut.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticlePublisher: 2002Subject(s): Aquaculture | Asia | Employment | Household income | Food security In: Food Policy v. 27, no. 2, p. 125-141Summary: This paper provides a framework for examining aquaculture?s linkages to food and nutritional security by elucidating key hypotheses concerning the role of aquaculture in household food and income systems in developingcountries. Taking examples from developingAsia, where aquaculture showed a steady growth over the last decade, the implications of aquaculturedevelopment are examined from the standpoint of its impact on employment, income and consumption. Analysis revealed clear evidence of positive income and consumption effects of aquaculture on households. However, employment effects are still not significant. The context of targeting small-scale and subsistence-oriented farmers as a means of improvingfoodsecurity in the developingcountries has also been analyzed by identifying key socio-economic and policy factors affecting aquaculture adoption and its impact on the poor. The paper concludes that national policies for aquaculturedevelopment will need to concurrently address the foodsecurity and poverty questions more sharply than has been done at present, by providing institutional and infrastructure support for access to resources such as land and water and to markets by poor households. Finally, more empirical evidence should be collected on the varied opportunities aquaculture would provide to improve the income, employment and food consumption levels within households.Collection: Reprints Collection
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Article CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

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Peer-review: Yes - Open Access: Yes|http://science.thomsonreuters.com/cgi-bin/jrnlst/jlresults.cgi?PC=MASTER&ISSN=0306-9192

This paper provides a framework for examining aquaculture?s linkages to food and nutritional security by elucidating key hypotheses concerning the role of aquaculture in household food and income systems in developingcountries. Taking examples from developingAsia, where aquaculture showed a steady growth over the last decade, the implications of aquaculturedevelopment are examined from the standpoint of its impact on employment, income and consumption. Analysis revealed clear evidence of positive income and consumption effects of aquaculture on households. However, employment effects are still not significant. The context of targeting small-scale and subsistence-oriented farmers as a means of improvingfoodsecurity in the developingcountries has also been analyzed by identifying key socio-economic and policy factors affecting aquaculture adoption and its impact on the poor. The paper concludes that national policies for aquaculturedevelopment will need to concurrently address the foodsecurity and poverty questions more sharply than has been done at present, by providing institutional and infrastructure support for access to resources such as land and water and to markets by poor households. Finally, more empirical evidence should be collected on the varied opportunities aquaculture would provide to improve the income, employment and food consumption levels within households.

English

Carelia Juarez

Reprints Collection

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