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Impact of postharvest handling on carotenoid concentration and composition in high-carotenoid maize (Zea mays L.) kernels

By: Burt, A. J.
Contributor(s): Grainger, C. M [coaut.] | Lee, E. A [coaut.] | Shelp, B [coaut.] | Young, J. C [coaut.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticlePublisher: 2010ISSN: 1520-5118 (Revista en electrónico); 1520-5118.Subject(s): Carotenoids AGROVOC | Drying | Lutein | Maize (Zea mays L.) | Postharvest | Storage In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry v. 58, no. 14, p. 8286-8292Summary: High carotenoid maize is an ideal source of high value dietary carotenoids, especially lutein and zeaxanthin, in human and animal feed and has been proposed as a feedstock for high carotenoid egg production. A modified analytical method was demonstrated to have reliability, reproducibility, and improved run-time and separation of xanthophylls. This method was used to confirm the localization of carotenoids in endosperm and to determine the effects of drying and storage on carotenoid levels in maize grain. A preliminary trial using room temperature drying indicated that while carotenoid profiles remain stable during storage, carotenoid levels decrease significantly from initial levels between 3 and 6 months of storage, but then remain stable for another year. A more rigorous trial using three drying and storage regimes (freeze-drying and storage at -80 ?C; room temperature drying and storage; 90 ?C drying and room temperature storage) indicated that extreme caution is needed to maintain carotenoid levels in maize during handling and storage, but in situations where freeze-drying is not possible, high heat drying is no more detrimental than low heat drying.
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Article CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

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Peer-review: Yes - Open Access: Yes|http://science.thomsonreuters.com/cgi-bin/jrnlst/jlresults.cgi?PC=MASTER&ISSN=0021-8561

High carotenoid maize is an ideal source of high value dietary carotenoids, especially lutein and zeaxanthin, in human and animal feed and has been proposed as a feedstock for high carotenoid egg production. A modified analytical method was demonstrated to have reliability, reproducibility, and improved run-time and separation of xanthophylls. This method was used to confirm the localization of carotenoids in endosperm and to determine the effects of drying and storage on carotenoid levels in maize grain. A preliminary trial using room temperature drying indicated that while carotenoid profiles remain stable during storage, carotenoid levels decrease significantly from initial levels between 3 and 6 months of storage, but then remain stable for another year. A more rigorous trial using three drying and storage regimes (freeze-drying and storage at -80 ?C; room temperature drying and storage; 90 ?C drying and room temperature storage) indicated that extreme caution is needed to maintain carotenoid levels in maize during handling and storage, but in situations where freeze-drying is not possible, high heat drying is no more detrimental than low heat drying.

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