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Determination of carotenoids in yellow maize, the effects of saponification and food preparations

By: Muzhingi, T.
Contributor(s): Jian Qin [coaut.] | Johnson, E. J [coaut.] | Kyung-Jin Yeum [coaut.] | Russell, R. M [coaut.] | Tang, G [coaut.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticlePublisher: 2008ISSN: 1664-2821.Subject(s): Biofortification | Carotenoids AGROVOC | Saponification | Vitamin A | Yellow maize In: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research v. 78, no. 3, p. 112-120Summary: Maize is an important staple food consumed by millions of people in many countries. Yellow maize naturally contains carotenoids which not only provide provitamin A carotenoids but also xanthophylls, which are known to be important for eye health. This study was aimed at 1) evaluating the effect of saponification during extraction of yellow maize carotenoids, 2) determining the major carotenoids in 36 genotypes of yellow maize by high-performance liquid chromatography with a C30 column, and 3) determining the effect of cooking on the carotenoid content of yellow maize. The major carotenoids in yellow maize were identified as alltrans lutein, cis-isomers of lutein, all-trans zeaxanthin, á- and â-cryptoxanthin, all-trans â-carotene, 9-cis â- carotene, and 13-cis â-carotene. Our results indicated that carotenoid extraction without saponification showed a significantly higher yield than that obtained using saponification. Results of the current study indicate that yellow maize is a good source of provitamin A carotenoids and xanthophylls. Cooking by boiling yellow maize at 100° C for 30 minutes increased the carotenoid concentration, while baking at 450°F for 25 minutes decreased the carotenoid concentrations by almost 70% as compared to the uncooked yellow maize flour.
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Article CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

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Peer-review: Yes - Open Access: Yes|http://science.thomsonreuters.com/cgi-bin/jrnlst/jlresults.cgi?PC=MASTER&ISSN=0300-9831

Maize is an important staple food consumed by millions of people in many countries. Yellow maize naturally contains carotenoids which not only provide provitamin A carotenoids but also xanthophylls, which are known to be important for eye health. This study was aimed at 1) evaluating the effect of saponification during extraction of yellow maize carotenoids, 2) determining the major carotenoids in 36 genotypes of yellow maize by high-performance liquid chromatography with a C30 column, and 3) determining the effect of cooking on the carotenoid content of yellow maize. The major carotenoids in yellow maize were identified as alltrans lutein, cis-isomers of lutein, all-trans zeaxanthin, á- and â-cryptoxanthin, all-trans â-carotene, 9-cis â- carotene, and 13-cis â-carotene. Our results indicated that carotenoid extraction without saponification showed a significantly higher yield than that obtained using saponification. Results of the current study indicate that yellow maize is a good source of provitamin A carotenoids and xanthophylls. Cooking by boiling yellow maize at 100° C for 30 minutes increased the carotenoid concentration, while baking at 450°F for 25 minutes decreased the carotenoid concentrations by almost 70% as compared to the uncooked yellow maize flour.

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