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Physical properties and carotenoid content of maize kernels and its nixtamalized snacks

By: Lozano-Alejo, N.
Contributor(s): Vazquez Carrillo, G [coaut.] | Pixley, K.V | Palacios-Rojas, N.
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticlePublisher: 2007Subject(s): Carotenoids AGROVOC | Maize | NixtamalizationOnline resources: Access only for CIMMYT Staff In: Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies v. 8, no. 3, p. 385-389635001Summary: Vitamin A and protein deficiencies afflict hundreds of millions of people, and because maize is a staple food providing a large portion of energy and nutrients for many, its genetic fortification or biofortification could significantly contribute to alleviating malnutrition. Therefore, we measured carotenoid and tryptophan contents for grain, nixtamalized (lime-cooked) maize, and processed snacks of 13 maize genotypes including landraces, quality protein maize (QPM) and non-QPM hybrids. An average 36% loss of provitamin A and an 8% increase in tryptophan were observed following nixtamalization and subsequent snack preparation by deep-frying. The correlations for physical properties of grain and maize flour with provitamin A were calculated to investigate whether secondary traits may be useful as indicators of provitamin A content. The correlation of chroma values with provitamin A contents was significant (P < 0.05) for 15% and 25% hydrated maize flour (r = 0.57 and r = 0.51, respectively), but was not significant for whole maize kernels.
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Copy number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Article CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection CIS-5152 (Browse shelf) 1 Available 635001
Total holds: 0

Peer-review: Yes - Open Access: Yes|http://science.thomsonreuters.com/cgi-bin/jrnlst/jlresults.cgi?PC=MASTER&ISSN=1466-8564

Vitamin A and protein deficiencies afflict hundreds of millions of people, and because maize is a staple food providing a large portion of energy and nutrients for many, its genetic fortification or biofortification could significantly contribute to alleviating malnutrition. Therefore, we measured carotenoid and tryptophan contents for grain, nixtamalized (lime-cooked) maize, and processed snacks of 13 maize genotypes including landraces, quality protein maize (QPM) and non-QPM hybrids. An average 36% loss of provitamin A and an 8% increase in tryptophan were observed following nixtamalization and subsequent snack preparation by deep-frying. The correlations for physical properties of grain and maize flour with provitamin A were calculated to investigate whether secondary traits may be useful as indicators of provitamin A content. The correlation of chroma values with provitamin A contents was significant (P < 0.05) for 15% and 25% hydrated maize flour (r = 0.57 and r = 0.51, respectively), but was not significant for whole maize kernels.

Genetic Resources Program|Global Maize Program

English

MX-UACh 2006 LOZANO B r

INT2691|INT1617

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