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Benefits from giving and receiving genetic resources: the case of wheat

By: Cassaday, K.A.
Contributor(s): Fowler, C [coaut.] | Heisey, P.W [coaut.] | Smale, M [coaut.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticlePublisher: 2001Subject(s): Developing Countries | Development economics and policies | Development indicators | Economic analysis | Germplasm | CIMMYT | Genetic resources | Wheat AGROVOC | Plant breeding AGROVOC In: Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter v. 127, p. 1-10631016Summary: Benefits from giving and receiving genetic resources:the case of wheat This paper examines the origins of modern wheat varieties, especially spring bread wheat varieties produced by the public research systems in developing countries, of which CIMMYT (the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center) is a part. Centuries of selection and evolution produced wheat landraces almost everywhere in the world. The complex pedigrees of CIMMYT's springbread wheats contain vast arrays of these landraces from developed and developing countries. CIMMYT's wheat breeding lines are distributed mainly to researchers in developing countries, and contribute significantly to the pedigrees of most wheats released in these countries. These wheats exhibit a broader genetic base, more stable yields, and better adaptation to conditions faced by poor farmers than the 'modern' varieties of 30 years ago or contemporary varieties lacking CIMMYT germplasm. These wheats also provide substantial economic benefits, particularly to developing countries, largely because of a policy environment that encouraged the flow of genetic materials and supported public sector research with those materials. The case of wheat illustrates the benefits of promoting flows of germplasm of all crops, especially through laws and policies that allow institutes such as CIMMYT to acquire genetic materials and freely distribute research products.Collection: CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection
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Article CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection CIS-3313 (Browse shelf) 1 Available 631016
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Benefits from giving and receiving genetic resources:the case of wheat This paper examines the origins of modern wheat varieties, especially spring bread wheat varieties produced by the public research systems in developing countries, of which CIMMYT (the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center) is a part. Centuries of selection and evolution produced wheat landraces almost everywhere in the world. The complex pedigrees of CIMMYT's springbread wheats contain vast arrays of these landraces from developed and developing countries. CIMMYT's wheat breeding lines are distributed mainly to researchers in developing countries, and contribute significantly to the pedigrees of most wheats released in these countries. These wheats exhibit a broader genetic base, more stable yields, and better adaptation to conditions faced by poor farmers than the 'modern' varieties of 30 years ago or contemporary varieties lacking CIMMYT germplasm. These wheats also provide substantial economic benefits, particularly to developing countries, largely because of a policy environment that encouraged the flow of genetic materials and supported public sector research with those materials. The case of wheat illustrates the benefits of promoting flows of germplasm of all crops, especially through laws and policies that allow institutes such as CIMMYT to acquire genetic materials and freely distribute research products.

Socioeconomics Program

English

0202|AGRIS 0201|AL-Publications|R01JOURN

Juan Carlos Mendieta

CSME01

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection

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