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Heterotic patterns among open-pollinated sweet corn cultivars

By: Revilla, P.
Contributor(s): Tracy, W.F [coaut.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticlePublisher: 1997ISSN: 0003-1062.Subject(s): Biological properties | Cells | Cereals | Crop husbandry | Developmental stages | Dimensions | Gametes | Genetic parameters | Gramineae | Plant anatomy | Plant developmental stages | Plant genetics and breeding | Plant products | Plant reproductive organs | Progeny | Seeds | Taxa | Timing | Zea | Yields AGROVOCDDC classification: 1998-059316 In: American Society for Horticultural Science (USA). (May 1997). v. 122(3) p. 319-324Summary: Heterotic patterns in sweet corn are weakly defined. Most sweet corn inbreds are descended from three open pollinated cultivars: 'Golden Bantam', 'Stowell's Evergreen', and 'Country Gentleman'. Heterotic and phylogenetic relationships among these three cultivars and others are not clearly known. This investigation was designed to investigate the heterotic patterns among some historically important open-pollinated sweet corn cultivars: 'Country Gentleman', 'Golden Bantam', 'Lindsey Meyer Blue', 'Stowell's Evergreen', 'Howling Mob', and 'Pease Crosby'. The 15 possible hybrids from the diallel cross plus the 6 parents were grown in midspring and late summer plantings. Heterosis and combining ability effects were estimated for 13 traits. Hybrid x planting date interactions were significant for most of the main traits, hence, planting dates were analyzed separately. Average midparent heterosis for grain yield was 29.17% in the first planting date and 57.04% in the second planting. Midparent heterosis for yield plant height were highest for hybrids with 'Country Gentleman' as a parent. 'Stowell's Evergreen' when crossed to 'Pease Crosby', 'Lindsey Meyer, and 'Golden Bantam' exhibited high heterosis. The two late-maturity cultivars 'Country Gentleman' and 'Stowell's Evergreen' had higher general combining ability than the four early-maturity cultivars for most traits. Specific combining ability was seldom significant. Yield of 'Country Gentleman' hybrids averaged over all crosses and planting dates was the highest. These data indicate a strong heterotic pattern--'Country Gentleman' x 'Pease Crosby', 'Golden Bantam', and 'Lindsey Meyer Blue'--and a weaker one--'Stowell's Evergreen' x 'Pease Crosby', 'Golden Bantam', and 'Lindsey Meyer Blue'Collection: AGRIS Collection
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Article CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

AGRIS Collection 1998-059316 (Browse shelf) Available
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references US (DNAL 81 SO12)

Heterotic patterns in sweet corn are weakly defined. Most sweet corn inbreds are descended from three open pollinated cultivars: 'Golden Bantam', 'Stowell's Evergreen', and 'Country Gentleman'. Heterotic and phylogenetic relationships among these three cultivars and others are not clearly known. This investigation was designed to investigate the heterotic patterns among some historically important open-pollinated sweet corn cultivars: 'Country Gentleman', 'Golden Bantam', 'Lindsey Meyer Blue', 'Stowell's Evergreen', 'Howling Mob', and 'Pease Crosby'. The 15 possible hybrids from the diallel cross plus the 6 parents were grown in midspring and late summer plantings. Heterosis and combining ability effects were estimated for 13 traits. Hybrid x planting date interactions were significant for most of the main traits, hence, planting dates were analyzed separately. Average midparent heterosis for grain yield was 29.17% in the first planting date and 57.04% in the second planting. Midparent heterosis for yield plant height were highest for hybrids with 'Country Gentleman' as a parent. 'Stowell's Evergreen' when crossed to 'Pease Crosby', 'Lindsey Meyer, and 'Golden Bantam' exhibited high heterosis. The two late-maturity cultivars 'Country Gentleman' and 'Stowell's Evergreen' had higher general combining ability than the four early-maturity cultivars for most traits. Specific combining ability was seldom significant. Yield of 'Country Gentleman' hybrids averaged over all crosses and planting dates was the highest. These data indicate a strong heterotic pattern--'Country Gentleman' x 'Pease Crosby', 'Golden Bantam', and 'Lindsey Meyer Blue'--and a weaker one--'Stowell's Evergreen' x 'Pease Crosby', 'Golden Bantam', and 'Lindsey Meyer Blue'

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