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Quantitative determination of high molecular weight glutenin subunits of hard red spring wheat by SDS-PAGE. I. Quantitative effects of total amounts on breadmaking quality characteristics

By: Huang, D.Y.
Contributor(s): Khan, K [coaut.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticlePublisher: 1997ISSN: 0009-0352.Subject(s): Analytical methods | Bakery products | Cereal flours | Cereal products | Cereals | Chemicophysical properties | Condiments | Flavourings | Flours | Food composition | Food processing and preservation | Food technology | Foods | Glutelins | Plant genetics and breeding | Plant products | Processed plant products | Processed products | Processing quality | Protein products | Proteins | Proximate composition | Quality | Wheat AGROVOCDDC classification: 1998-109145 In: Cereal chemistry (USA). (Nov-Dec 1997). v. 74(6) p. 781-785Summary: Thirteen hard red spring wheat genotypes in which seven genotypes had the same high molecular weight (HMW) glutenin subunits (2*, 7+9, 5+10) were compared for their physical-chemical and breadmaking properties. These samples were categorized into three groups based on their dough mixing and baking performances as follows: the strong dough (SD) group (six genotypes), characterized by the strongest dough mixing (average stability, 35 min); the good loaf (GL) group (four genotypes), characterized by the largest loaf volume; and the poor loaf (PL) group (three genotypes), characterized by the smallest loaf volume. Total flour proteins were fractionated into 0.5M salt-soluble proteins, 2% SDS-soluble proteins, and residue proteins (insoluble in SDS buffer). SDS-soluble proteins, residue proteins, and total flour proteins were analyzed by SDS-PAGE and densitometry procedures to determine the proportions of HMW glutenin subunits, medium molecular weight proteins, and low molecular weight proteins in relation to the total amount of proteins. No differences in the amount of salt-soluble proteins were found among the different groups of samples. Solubilities of gluten proteins (total proteins minus salt-soluble proteins) in SDS buffer were related to the differences in dough strength and baking quality among the three groups. The SD group had the lowest solubility and the PL group had the highest. SDS-PAGE analysis showed that SDS-soluble proteins of the SD group contained a smaller amount of HMW glutenin subunits than those of the GL and PL groups. The highest proportions of HMW glutenin subunits in total flour proteins were found in the SD group, while the PL group had the lowest percentage of HMW glutenin subunits in their total flour proteins. These results showed that the total quantities of HMW glutenin subunits played an important role in determining the dough mixing strength and breadmaking performance of hard red spring wheatsCollection: AGRIS Collection
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Article CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

AGRIS Collection 1998-109145 (Browse shelf) Available
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references US (DNAL 59.8 C33)

Thirteen hard red spring wheat genotypes in which seven genotypes had the same high molecular weight (HMW) glutenin subunits (2*, 7+9, 5+10) were compared for their physical-chemical and breadmaking properties. These samples were categorized into three groups based on their dough mixing and baking performances as follows: the strong dough (SD) group (six genotypes), characterized by the strongest dough mixing (average stability, 35 min); the good loaf (GL) group (four genotypes), characterized by the largest loaf volume; and the poor loaf (PL) group (three genotypes), characterized by the smallest loaf volume. Total flour proteins were fractionated into 0.5M salt-soluble proteins, 2% SDS-soluble proteins, and residue proteins (insoluble in SDS buffer). SDS-soluble proteins, residue proteins, and total flour proteins were analyzed by SDS-PAGE and densitometry procedures to determine the proportions of HMW glutenin subunits, medium molecular weight proteins, and low molecular weight proteins in relation to the total amount of proteins. No differences in the amount of salt-soluble proteins were found among the different groups of samples. Solubilities of gluten proteins (total proteins minus salt-soluble proteins) in SDS buffer were related to the differences in dough strength and baking quality among the three groups. The SD group had the lowest solubility and the PL group had the highest. SDS-PAGE analysis showed that SDS-soluble proteins of the SD group contained a smaller amount of HMW glutenin subunits than those of the GL and PL groups. The highest proportions of HMW glutenin subunits in total flour proteins were found in the SD group, while the PL group had the lowest percentage of HMW glutenin subunits in their total flour proteins. These results showed that the total quantities of HMW glutenin subunits played an important role in determining the dough mixing strength and breadmaking performance of hard red spring wheats

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