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The effect of chromosome 1AL/1RS translocation on agronomic performance of 85 F2-derived F6 lines from three Triticum aestivum L. crosses

By: Villareal, R.L.
Contributor(s): Del Toro, E [coaut.] | Mujeeb-Kazi, A [coaut.] | Rajaram, S [coaut.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticlePublisher: 1996ISSN: 1573-5060 (Revista en electrónico).Subject(s): Chromosome translocation | F2 hybrids | F3 hybrids | Performance | Research projects | Secale cereale | Yield components | Triticum aestivum | Wheat | CIMMYTOnline resources: Access only for CIMMYT Staff In: Euphytica v. 89, no. 3, p. 363-369Summary: The effect of the 1AL/1RS chromosome translocation on grain yield and other agronomic characteristics of 85 random F-2-derived F-6 bulks from three 1AL 1RS x 1A bread wheat crosses was determined under optimum and reduced irrigation conditions at CIANO, Yaqui Valley, Sonora, Mexico, during the 1991-1992 and 1992-1993 crop production cycles. Harvest plots of 5.0 m(2) were arranged in an alpha lattice design with three replications. The 1AL/1RS translocation increased grain yield, above-ground biomass, spikes/m(2), and test weight under both irrigated and dryland conditions. Homozygous chromosome 1A lines, on the other hand, possessed longer spikes with more grains. The 1AL/1RS cultivars had an advantage in 1000-grain weight, which was detected only under optimum irrigation. The translocation lines showed later maturity and longer grainfilling period than the 1A genotypes under one irrigation treatment. A significant relationship between grain yield and test weight was detected only among the 1AL/1RS genotypes, indicating that they possess heavier and plumper grains than the 1A genotypes. These results encourage the continued use of the 1AL/1RS translocation in wheat improvement
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Article CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

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Peer-review: Yes - Open Access: Yes|http://science.thomsonreuters.com/cgi-bin/jrnlst/jlresults.cgi?PC=MASTER&ISSN=0014-2336

The effect of the 1AL/1RS chromosome translocation on grain yield and other agronomic characteristics of 85 random F-2-derived F-6 bulks from three 1AL 1RS x 1A bread wheat crosses was determined under optimum and reduced irrigation conditions at CIANO, Yaqui Valley, Sonora, Mexico, during the 1991-1992 and 1992-1993 crop production cycles. Harvest plots of 5.0 m(2) were arranged in an alpha lattice design with three replications. The 1AL/1RS translocation increased grain yield, above-ground biomass, spikes/m(2), and test weight under both irrigated and dryland conditions. Homozygous chromosome 1A lines, on the other hand, possessed longer spikes with more grains. The 1AL/1RS cultivars had an advantage in 1000-grain weight, which was detected only under optimum irrigation. The translocation lines showed later maturity and longer grainfilling period than the 1A genotypes under one irrigation treatment. A significant relationship between grain yield and test weight was detected only among the 1AL/1RS genotypes, indicating that they possess heavier and plumper grains than the 1A genotypes. These results encourage the continued use of the 1AL/1RS translocation in wheat improvement

English

R96ANALY|Springer|1

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