Normal view MARC view ISBD view

Genetic improvement of wheat yield potential in North China

By: Zhou, Y.
Contributor(s): Buck, H.T.|Nisi, J.E.|Salomon, N [eds.] | Chen, X.M [coaut.] | Jianbing Yan | Wang, D.S [coaut.] | Xia, X.C [coaut.] | Zhang, Y [coaut.] | He Zhonghu [coaut.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookSeries: Developments in Plant Breeding ; 12.Analytics: Show analyticsPublisher: Dordrecht (Netherlands) Springer : 2007Description: p. 583-589.ISBN: 978-1-4020-5496-9.Subject(s): 1B/1R translocation | harvest index | yield potentialSummary: During 2001–03 seasons, three trials including 11 varieties from Hebei Province, 15 varieties from Shandong Province, and 11 varieties from Henan Province were sown in Shijiazhuang, Jinan, and Zhengzhou, respectively. All tested genotypes are the major varieties from 1970s to present. A randomized block design with three replicates was employed. Measurements consisted of heading date, plant height, spike number m-2, thousand kernel weight, kernel number and kernel weight per spike, yield, biomass, and harvest index. In addition, SDS-PAGE and SSR markers were used to detect the presence of 1B/1R translocation, and distribution of dwarfing genes, respectively. Results indicate that annual genetic gain in yield potential is 0.54% (35.4 kg ha-1 year-1, P<0.05), 0.48% (32.0 kg ha-1year-1, P<0.01), and 1.05% (72.1 kg ha-1 year-1, P <0.01), in Hebei, Shandong, and Henan, respectively. In all three trials, yield is positively and significantly associated with kernel weight per spike (r=0.77, 0.73, and 0.75, in Shijiazhuang, Jinan, and Zhengzhou, respectively, the same order below, P<0.05), biomass (r=0.72, 0.70, 0.80, P<0.05) and harvest index (r=0.86, 0.67, 0.76, P<0.05). Significant and negative association is also observed between yield and plant height in Shijiazhuang and Zhengzhou, but not in Jinan. However, positive and significant association between yield and kernel number per spike is presented in Shijiazhuang and Jinan, but not in Zhengzhou. Use of dwarfing genes and 1B/1R translocation are the major factors for yield improvement. Frequencies of Rht-D1b, Rht-B1b, and Rht8c are 67.6%, 16.2%, and 43.2%, respectivelyCollection: CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection
Tags from this library: No tags from this library for this title. Log in to add tags.
    average rating: 0.0 (0 votes)
Item type Current location Collection Call number Copy number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Conference proceedings CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library

Lic. Jose Juan Caballero Flores

 

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection CIS-5060 (Browse shelf) 1 Available 634818
Total holds: 0

During 2001–03 seasons, three trials including 11 varieties from Hebei Province, 15 varieties from Shandong Province, and 11 varieties from Henan Province were sown in Shijiazhuang, Jinan, and Zhengzhou, respectively. All tested genotypes are the major varieties from 1970s to present. A randomized block design with three replicates was employed. Measurements consisted of heading date, plant height, spike number m-2, thousand kernel weight, kernel number and kernel weight per spike, yield, biomass, and harvest index. In addition, SDS-PAGE and SSR markers were used to detect the presence of 1B/1R translocation, and distribution of dwarfing genes, respectively. Results indicate that annual genetic gain in yield potential is 0.54% (35.4 kg ha-1 year-1, P<0.05), 0.48% (32.0 kg ha-1year-1, P<0.01), and 1.05% (72.1 kg ha-1 year-1, P <0.01), in Hebei, Shandong, and Henan, respectively. In all three trials, yield is positively and significantly associated with kernel weight per spike (r=0.77, 0.73, and 0.75, in Shijiazhuang, Jinan, and Zhengzhou, respectively, the same order below, P<0.05), biomass (r=0.72, 0.70, 0.80, P<0.05) and harvest index (r=0.86, 0.67, 0.76, P<0.05). Significant and negative association is also observed between yield and plant height in Shijiazhuang and Zhengzhou, but not in Jinan. However, positive and significant association between yield and kernel number per spike is presented in Shijiazhuang and Jinan, but not in Zhengzhou. Use of dwarfing genes and 1B/1R translocation are the major factors for yield improvement. Frequencies of Rht-D1b, Rht-B1b, and Rht8c are 67.6%, 16.2%, and 43.2%, respectively

Global Wheat Program

English

Lucia Segura

INT2411

CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection

There are no comments for this item.

Log in to your account to post a comment.
baner

International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) © Copyright 2015. Carretera México-Veracruz. Km. 45, El Batán, Texcoco, México, C.P. 56237.
If you have any question, please contact us at CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org

Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo (CIMMYT) © Copyright 2015. Carretera México-Veracruz. Km. 45, El Batán, Texcoco, México, C.P. 56237.
Si tiene cualquier pregunta, contáctenos a CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org