Food security of cereals in Azerbaijan (Record no. 7309)

000 -LEADER
fixed length control field 06131nam a22004217a 4500
001 - CONTROL NUMBER
control field 80064
003 - CONTROL NUMBER IDENTIFIER
control field MX-TxCIM
005 - DATE AND TIME OF LATEST TRANSACTION
control field 20170719154807.0
008 - FIXED-LENGTH DATA ELEMENTS--GENERAL INFORMATION
fixed length control field 121211s ||||f| 0 p|p||0|| |
040 ## - CATALOGING SOURCE
Original cataloging agency MX-TxCIM
072 #0 - SUBJECT CATEGORY CODE
Subject category code F01
072 #0 - SUBJECT CATEGORY CODE
Subject category code F03
082 04 - DEWEY DECIMAL CLASSIFICATION NUMBER
Classification number 633.1147
Item number BED
100 1# - MAIN ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
Personal name Djavadov, N.
Affiliation International caucasian conference on cereals and food legumes. Abstracts
110 0# - MAIN ENTRY--CORPORATE NAME
Corporate name or jurisdiction name as entry element Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT)
9 (RLIN) 978
111 2# - MAIN ENTRY--MEETING NAME
Location of meeting Tbilisi (Georgia)
Date of meeting 14-17 Jun 2004
245 00 - TITLE STATEMENT
Title Food security of cereals in Azerbaijan
260 ## - PUBLICATION, DISTRIBUTION, ETC. (IMPRINT)
Place of publication, distribution, etc. Tbilisi (Georgia)
Name of publisher, distributor, etc. CIMMYT :
Date of publication, distribution, etc. 2004
300 ## - PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION
Extent p. 420-421
340 ## - PHYSICAL MEDIUM
Material base and configuration Printed
500 ## - GENERAL NOTE
General note Abstract only
520 ## - SUMMARY, ETC.
Summary, etc. Fundamental changes have been observed in Azerbaijan since the establishment of the independent state at the end of the last century. Introduction and completion of the consistent reforms made it possible to discontinue the economic stagnation of the early 90-ies and ensure transition to a new stage of development. As a result of the pursued policy, macroeconomic stability was achieved in 1996, and, beginning from 1997 the dynamic economic development has become a reality. In 2003, the per capita GDP in the country amounted to 4.3 million manats (US$ 880), which suggests 2.7 -fold increase as compared with 1995 (1.4 million manats or US$ 319), and exceeds that of 2002 (3.7 million manats or US$ 756) by 11.6%. The GNP growth rate in the whole country averaged to 1.3%, 5.8%, and 10% in 1996, 1997 and 1998-2003, respectively. One of the important outcomes of the economic reforms implemented in the country is the further enhanced economic development and improvement of population welfare through privatization of state property and creation of favorable conditions for free entrepreneurship. Land and agricultural reforms in the republic have been actually accomplished and over 1390 thousand hectares have been allocated to peasants in gratis. Presently, 99% of the agricultural production falls on the private sector. The rate of cropland utilization has significantly increased lately, however only 70% of area is being purposefully uti1ized. The main attention is paid to growing of food crops. The specific share of 1and planted to cerea1s dynamically increases every year. In 2002, for example, cereals occupied 67.2% of the total arable area. The data on production of grain in Azerbaijan during 1990-2002 is presented in the table below. Grain output in the republic has exceeded the post-Soviet level already beginning from 2000. However, in 2003, grain harvest decreased by 6.3% as compared with the previous year. The yield decrease was caused by reduction of the arable area. Wheat occupies a leading position among the grain crops. In 2003, Azerbaijan produced 1546.6 thousand tons of wheat grain which made up as much as 75.2% out of the total grain output. However, as compared with the previous year, wheat production decreased by 185.5 thousand tons. During the past 5 years, over 150 kg/capita of grain products (bread, macaroni, flour, grits and beans) were produced, which meets the consumption standards established by the Ministry of Health of Azerbaijan. Thus, in 2002,about 2128.7 tons of grain (1801.1 tons as food) were consumed, out of which 1692.7 tons were domestically produced and only 657.2 t were imported (the non- consumed share of production being directed at the replenishing of the necessary grain reserve fund). The self-sufficiency level by grain was equal to 72.0%. As a result of the survey conducted within the framework of the Program on Food Security of Azerbaijan and entitled as "Production and Consumption of Grain", the European Commission reported in detail about necessary and urgent tasks to facilitate further development of cereal production in the country. One of the issues emphasized by the report is the low level and availability of agricultural equipment and machinery in the country. Most of the available machinery is outdated and not enough to ensure the rational land use management. Therefore planting, application and harvesting dates are usually delayed with the yield potential being significantly affected. The results of the farm surveys make it possible to state that one-third of the arable area is not used purposefully. In some regions the level of land misuse is even higher. The machinery deficit is the main cause of the reductions in the grain output. In the year of 2001, only a part of the arable land was provided with necessary mechanized farm operations and inputs such as application of mineral fertilizers (at 44.3% of the total arable area), application of organic fertilizers (29.4%), and application of pesticides (57.9%). Farmers encountered serious problems in irrigation of the arable area (at 21.3% of the total irrigated area) and in grain harvesting (26.8% of the total arable area). The effect of each of these factors on the grain output in the irrigated areas per ha is estimated as follows: .delayed irrigation of the areas reduces yield by 3.3 centners; .delayed sowing- by 3.3 centners; .delayed harvesting -by 2.4 centners; .non-application of mineral fertilizers- by 3.5 centners; .non-application of organic fertilizers -by 1.9centners; .non-application of pesticides -by 1.8 centners Shortage of agricultural machinery has led to significant yield losses in dryland (un-irrigated) areas as well. Alleviation of the negative effects due to shortage of agricultural machinery is of primary importance for enhancing agricultural production, achieving food security, and reducing the poverty level of the population in Azerbaijan.
546 ## - LANGUAGE NOTE
Language note English
591 ## - CATALOGING NOTES
Affiliation 0409|AGRIS 0401|AL-Maize Program
595 ## - COLLECTION
Collection CIMMYT Publications Collection
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Agrarian reform
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Crop yield
9 (RLIN) 1066
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Economic development
9 (RLIN) 1089
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Land economics and policies
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Macroeconomic analysis
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Maize
9 (RLIN) 1173
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Privatization
653 0# - INDEX TERM--UNCONTROLLED
Uncontrolled term CIMMYT
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
9 (RLIN) 1118
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Food security
700 1# - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
Personal name Bedoshvili, D.
Relator term ed.
942 ## - ADDED ENTRY ELEMENTS (KOHA)
Koha item type Conference proceedings
Holdings
Withdrawn status Lost status Damaged status Not for loan Collection code Permanent Location Current Location Date acquired Full call number Barcode Date last seen Copy number Price effective from Koha item type
  Not Lost     CIMMYT Publications Collection CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library 2015-02-10 633.1147 BED 7K630072 2015-02-10 1 2015-02-10 Conference proceedings
baner

International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) © Copyright 2015. Carretera México-Veracruz. Km. 45, El Batán, Texcoco, México, C.P. 56237.
If you have any question, please contact us at CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org

Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo (CIMMYT) © Copyright 2015. Carretera México-Veracruz. Km. 45, El Batán, Texcoco, México, C.P. 56237.
Si tiene cualquier pregunta, contáctenos a CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org