Out scaling climate-smart technologies to smallholder farmers in Malawi, Zambia & Zimbabwe : (Record no. 60497)

000 -LEADER
fixed length control field nam a22 7a 4500
001 - CONTROL NUMBER
control field 60497
003 - CONTROL NUMBER IDENTIFIER
control field MX-TxCIM
005 - DATE AND TIME OF LATEST TRANSACTION
control field 20190927201704.0
008 - FIXED-LENGTH DATA ELEMENTS--GENERAL INFORMATION
fixed length control field 190529s2018 rh ||||| |||| 00| 0 eng d
040 ## - CATALOGING SOURCE
Original cataloging agency MX-TxCIM
041 ## - LANGUAGE CODE
Language code of text/sound track or separate title eng
100 1# - MAIN ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
Field link and sequence number INT3348
9 (RLIN) 929
Personal name Mutenje, M.
Miscellaneous information Socioeconomics Program
245 10 - TITLE STATEMENT
Title Out scaling climate-smart technologies to smallholder farmers in Malawi, Zambia & Zimbabwe :
Remainder of title vulnerability assessment report
260 ## - PUBLICATION, DISTRIBUTION, ETC. (IMPRINT)
Place of publication, distribution, etc. Zimbabwe :
Name of publisher, distributor, etc. CIMMYT,
Date of publication, distribution, etc. 2018.
300 ## - PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION
Extent 42 pages
500 ## - GENERAL NOTE
General note Open Access
520 ## - SUMMARY, ETC.
Summary, etc. This study examines the vulnerability to climate variability and change of the conventional maize value chain in the mid and low altitude agro-ecological zones of Malawi, agro-ecological zone II of Zambia and agro-ecological zone III of Zimbabwe. The aim is to develop feasible priorities and strategies for climate variability and change adaptation based on farmer preference. A literature review for the countries Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe was conducted to assess the current and future impact of climate change and variability on the smallholder farming system. A mix of methods, which included participatory vulnerability assessment tools, focus group discussions and key informant interviews among 108 farmers from five communities, complemented the literature review. Data were collected on the current and likely future impacts and sensitivity of the systems and adaptation capacities.

The vulnerability assessment identified heat waves, erratic onset of the season, early cessation of the season, flash floods and cyclones, in season dry spells and droughts as the most common climate hazards in the last 28 years in both mid and low altitude agro-ecological regions of Malawi, agro-ecological zone II of Zambia, and agro-ecological zone III of Zimbabwe. The trend analysis further revealed that 9 years out of 28 were considered as droughts out of which more than 50% were severe.

The new millennium marks the beginning of unpredictable onset of the rain season in 3 of the surveyed communities. Farmers from the 5 communities concurred that interaction of these climate shocks with non-climate shocks such as HIV/ AIDS and macroeconomic turbulence intensified the effects. Since 2000, regularly occurring droughts that now take place every two to three years in the drought prone districts such as southern parts of Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe have significantly compromised maize production in the three countries resulting in food deficits ranging from 13 to 60%. The worst drought in 35 years that occurred in the 2015/16 season in the three countries resulted in maize deficit of up to 40% in southern parts Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe, 25% in central Malawi and eastern Zambia. The production trends were also closely correlated with maize grain prices. In the lean period of 2016, maize grain price increased by 50% and 100% in Malawi and Zimbabwe respectively.

A range of climate smart agricultural practices such as conservation agriculture (CA), intercropping and other forms of crop diversification, mulching, drought tolerant maize varieties and compost manure emerged as the common most effective adaptation strategies in the target communities. In some few areas, agroforestry was also mentioned.

The results show that, high population densities, high poverty levels, limited economic off-farm activities and high reliance on maize value chain as the main source of income characterize the most vulnerable communities. They also rely on the usual traditional negative coping mechanisms such as charcoal making, prostitution of girls, casual labour and migration to address inter-annual climate shocks. These results demonstrate that households with high sensitivity to climate risks as surveyed in the three countries are likely to invest in risk-reduction strategies, utilizing whatever options are available to them. For development practitioners and policy makers, it will be critical in future years to assist smallholder farmers in identifying scalable and the most feasible options to address future climate risk impacts.
546 ## - LANGUAGE NOTE
Language note Text in English
650 #7 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Source of heading or term AGROVOC
9 (RLIN) 1045
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Climate change
650 #7 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Source of heading or term AGROVOC
9 (RLIN) 1173
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Maize
650 #7 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Source of heading or term AGROVOC
9 (RLIN) 2419
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Climate-smart agriculture
650 #7 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Source of heading or term AGROVOC
9 (RLIN) 1763
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Smallholders
651 #7 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--GEOGRAPHIC NAME
9 (RLIN) 1319
Geographic name Malawi
Miscellaneous information AGROVOC
651 #7 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--GEOGRAPHIC NAME
9 (RLIN) 4309
Geographic name Zambia
Miscellaneous information AGROVOC
651 #7 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--GEOGRAPHIC NAME
Source of heading or term AGROVOC
9 (RLIN) 4496
Geographic name Zimbabwe
700 1# - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
9 (RLIN) 877
Personal name Thierfelder, C.
Miscellaneous information Sustainable Intensification Program
Field link and sequence number INT2939
700 1# - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
9 (RLIN) 4915
Personal name Gama, M.
700 1# - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
9 (RLIN) 9424
Personal name Marongwe, S.
856 4# - ELECTRONIC LOCATION AND ACCESS
Link text Open Access through Dspace
Uniform Resource Identifier https://hdl.handle.net/10883/20129
942 ## - ADDED ENTRY ELEMENTS (KOHA)
Source of classification or shelving scheme
Koha item type Report
Suppress in OPAC 0
Holdings
Withdrawn status Lost status Source of classification or shelving scheme Damaged status Not for loan Collection code Permanent Location Current Location Date acquired Date last seen Price effective from Koha item type
  Not Lost       CIMMYT Publications Collection CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library 2019-05-29 2019-05-29 2019-05-29 Report
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Lunes –Viernes 9:00 am. 17:00 pm. Si tiene cualquier pregunta, contáctenos a CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org