Cover crop-based reduced tillage system influences Carabidae (Coleoptera) activity, diversity and trophic group during transition to organic production (Record no. 58551)

000 -LEADER
fixed length control field 04037nab a2200301 a 4500
001 - CONTROL NUMBER
control field a58551
003 - CONTROL NUMBER IDENTIFIER
control field MX-TxCIM
005 - DATE AND TIME OF LATEST TRANSACTION
control field 20171220113702.0
008 - FIXED-LENGTH DATA ELEMENTS--GENERAL INFORMATION
fixed length control field 151005s2017 uk |||p|op||| 00| 0 eng d
024 8# - OTHER STANDARD IDENTIFIER
Standard number or code https://doi.org/10.1017/S1742170516000466
040 ## - CATALOGING SOURCE
Original cataloging agency MX-TxCIM
041 ## - LANGUAGE CODE
Language code of text/sound track or separate title eng
100 1# - MAIN ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
9 (RLIN) 2407
Personal name Rivers, A.
Field link and sequence number I1707028
Miscellaneous information Sustainable Intensification Program
245 10 - TITLE STATEMENT
Title Cover crop-based reduced tillage system influences Carabidae (Coleoptera) activity, diversity and trophic group during transition to organic production
260 ## - PUBLICATION, DISTRIBUTION, ETC. (IMPRINT)
Place of publication, distribution, etc. United Kingdom :
Name of publisher, distributor, etc. Cambridge University Press,
Date of publication, distribution, etc. 2017.
500 ## - GENERAL NOTE
General note Peer review
520 ## - SUMMARY, ETC.
Summary, etc. Organic grain growers rely on cultural practices and biological control to regulate pests, and the implementation and timing of cultural practices can affect many characteristics of the cropping system as a habitat for natural enemies of arthropod pests. Ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in particular are important insect and weed-seed predators, and are sensitive to crop rotations, tillage and environmental complexity. In a reduced tillage system in transition to organic management, we evaluated the effect of cover crop species and termination date, crop rotation and high residue cultivation on ground and tiger beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) activity-density, community composition and size and trophic groups. The 3-year experiment included a sequence of corn (Zea mays L.), soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) and winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). A mixture of hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth) and triticale (x Triticosecale Wittmack) preceded corn, and cereal rye (Secale cereale L.) preceded soybean, and each crop sequence was present in each year (full-entry). We compared three cover crop termination (and cash crop planting) dates by terminating the overwintered cover crops with a roller-crimper, and immediately or soon after, we no-till planted corn and soybean through the mat created by the rolled cover crops. In the corn and soybean phases of the rotation, we also compared inter-row cultivation as a pest management strategy to a control treatment (no inter-row cultivation in corn, and an alternative row-spacing in soybean). Wheat was planted on a single date in each year into tilled soil. Carabids were sampled using pitfall traps 2 weeks after termination of the two cover crop treatments, and in mid-June in wheat. Carabid activity-density and species richness increased across the experimental site during the 3-year transition, and community evenness across the experimental site increased by the third year. Crop species influenced carabid community composition, and by the third year, the carabid community was comparable between wheat and hairy vetch-triticale cover crop. The late cover crop termination date was positively associated with higher activity-densities of large carabids in rolled hairy vetch-triticale and rolled cereal rye; carnivorous beetles in rolled hairy vetch-triticale; and granivorous beetles in rolled cereal rye. Inter-row cultivation occurring in corn and soybean resulted in a significantly higher proportion of small beetles in the wheat phase of the rotation, with a significantly higher proportion of large beetles in wheat treatments, which had not received inter-row cultivation in corn and soybean. Results have strong implications for management during the transition to organic, including the importance of plant residue, reduced tillage and timing of cover crop termination dates for augmenting carabid populations.
546 ## - LANGUAGE NOTE
Language note Text in English
650 #0 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
9 (RLIN) 4698
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Coleoptera
650 #0 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
9 (RLIN) 4699
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Carabidae
650 #0 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
9 (RLIN) 2585
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Organic agriculture
700 1# - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
9 (RLIN) 4700
Personal name Mullen, C.
700 1# - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
9 (RLIN) 4701
Personal name Wallace, J.
700 1# - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
9 (RLIN) 2408
Personal name Barbercheck, M.
773 0# - HOST ITEM ENTRY
Record control number u78991
International Standard Serial Number 1742-1713
Place, publisher, and date of publication United Kingdom : Cambridge University Press
Title Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems
Related parts v. 32, no. 6, p. 538-551
856 4# - ELECTRONIC LOCATION AND ACCESS
Link text Access only for CIMMYT Staff
Uniform Resource Identifier http://46.20.115.203/Download/cis/58551.pdf
942 ## - ADDED ENTRY ELEMENTS (KOHA)
Source of classification or shelving scheme
Koha item type Article
Holdings
Withdrawn status Lost status Source of classification or shelving scheme Damaged status Not for loan Collection code Permanent Location Current Location Date acquired Date last seen Price effective from Koha item type
  Not Lost       CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library 2017-04-28 2017-04-28 2017-04-28 Article
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Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo (CIMMYT) © Copyright 2015. Carretera México-Veracruz. Km. 45, El Batán, Texcoco, México, C.P. 56237.
Si tiene cualquier pregunta, contáctenos a CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org