Effects of conservation agriculture techniques on infiltration and soil water content in Zambia and Zimbabwe (Record no. 27915)

000 -LEADER
fixed length control field 03007nab a22003137a 4500
001 - CONTROL NUMBER
control field a93595
003 - CONTROL NUMBER IDENTIFIER
control field MX-TxCIM
005 - DATE AND TIME OF LATEST TRANSACTION
control field 20190319201742.0
008 - FIXED-LENGTH DATA ELEMENTS--GENERAL INFORMATION
fixed length control field 121211b |||p||p||||||| |z||| |
040 ## - CATALOGING SOURCE
Original cataloging agency MX-TxCIM
090 ## - LOCALLY ASSIGNED LC-TYPE CALL NUMBER (OCLC); LOCAL CALL NUMBER (RLIN)
Classification number (OCLC) (R) ; Classification number, CALL (RLIN) (NR) CIS-5735
100 1# - MAIN ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
9 (RLIN) 877
Personal name Thierfelder, C.
Miscellaneous information Sustainable Intensification Program
Field link and sequence number INT2939
245 00 - TITLE STATEMENT
Title Effects of conservation agriculture techniques on infiltration and soil water content in Zambia and Zimbabwe
260 ## - PUBLICATION, DISTRIBUTION, ETC. (IMPRINT)
Date of publication, distribution, etc. 2009
500 ## - GENERAL NOTE
General note Peer-review: Yes - Open Access: Yes|http://science.thomsonreuters.com/cgi-bin/jrnlst/jlresults.cgi?PC=MASTER&ISSN=0167-1987
520 ## - SUMMARY, ETC.
Summary, etc. The adoption of conservation agriculture (CA), based on minimal soil movement, permanent soil cover with crop residues or growing plants and crop rotation has advanced rapidly in the Americas and Australia over the last three decades. One of the immediate benefits of CA in dryland agriculture is improved rainfall-use efficiency through increased water infiltration and decreased evaporation from the soil surface, with associated decreases in runoff and soil erosion. This paper focuses on the effect of CA techniques on soil moisture relations in two researcher-managed trials in Zambia and Zimbabwe. In 2005/2006 and 2006/2007, we found significantly higher water infiltration on both sites on CA fields compared to conventionally ploughed fields. At Henderson Research Station, Zimbabwe, on a sandy soil, a direct seeded CA treatments had a 49% and 45% greater infiltration rate than the conventionally tilled plots after a simulated rainfall in both seasons. At Monze Farmer Training Centre, Zambia, on a finer-textured soil, the same treatment had 57% and 87% greater infiltration rate than the conventionally tilled control treatment in both seasons. Treatments that included reduced tillage and surface residue retention had less water runoff and erosion on runoff plots at Henderson Research Station, Zimbabwe. On average, soil moisture was higher throughout the season in most CA treatments than in the conventionally tilled plots. However, the full potential of CA in mitigating drought was not evident as there was no significant drought period in either season. Results suggest that CA has the potential to increase the productivity of rainfall water and therefore reduce the risk of crop failure, as was apparent at the Monze Farmer Training Centre, Zambia, in 2005/2006 when a period of moisture stress at tassling affected CA treatments less than the conventionally tilled treatment.
536 ## - FUNDING INFORMATION NOTE
Text of note Conservation Agriculture Program
546 ## - LANGUAGE NOTE
Language note English
594 ## - STAFFID
StaffID INT2939
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Erosion
9 (RLIN) 1961
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Infiltration
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Soil moisture relations
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
9 (RLIN) 1307
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Water use efficiency
Miscellaneous information AGROVOC
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Conservation agriculture
9 (RLIN) 2619
700 1# - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
Personal name Wall, P.C.,
Relator term coaut.
773 0# - HOST ITEM ENTRY
Title Soil and Tillage Research
Related parts v. 105, no. 2, p. 217-227
856 4# - ELECTRONIC LOCATION AND ACCESS
Link text Access only for CIMMYT Staff
Uniform Resource Identifier http://46.20.115.203/download/cis/93595.pdf
942 ## - ADDED ENTRY ELEMENTS (KOHA)
Koha item type Article
Source of classification or shelving scheme
Holdings
Withdrawn status Lost status Damaged status Not for loan Collection code Permanent Location Current Location Date acquired Full call number Date last seen Price effective from Koha item type
  Not Lost     CIMMYT Staff Publications Collection CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library 2017-07-05 CIS-5735 2017-07-05 2017-07-05 Article
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