Dietary exposure to aflatoxin from maize and groundnut in young children from Benin and Togo, West Africa (Record no. 27170)

000 -LEADER
fixed length control field 03624nab a22003497a 4500
001 - CONTROL NUMBER
control field a90939
003 - CONTROL NUMBER IDENTIFIER
control field MX-TxCIM
005 - DATE AND TIME OF LATEST TRANSACTION
control field 20170719155352.0
008 - FIXED-LENGTH DATA ELEMENTS--GENERAL INFORMATION
fixed length control field 121211b |||p||p||||||| |z||| |
040 ## - CATALOGING SOURCE
Original cataloging agency MX-TxCIM
100 1# - MAIN ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
Personal name Egal, S.
245 00 - TITLE STATEMENT
Title Dietary exposure to aflatoxin from maize and groundnut in young children from Benin and Togo, West Africa
260 ## - PUBLICATION, DISTRIBUTION, ETC. (IMPRINT)
Date of publication, distribution, etc. 2005
340 ## - PHYSICAL MEDIUM
Material base and configuration Computer File
520 ## - SUMMARY, ETC.
Summary, etc. Aflatoxins are a family of fungal toxins that are carcinogenic to man and cause immunosuppression, cancer and growth reduction in animals. We conducted a cross-sectional study among 480 children (age 9 months to 5 years) across 4 agro-ecological zones (SS, NGS, SGS and CS) in Benin and Togo to identify the effect of aflatoxin exposure on child growth and assess the pattern of exposure. Prior reports on this study [Gong, Y.Y., Cardwell, K., Hounsa, A., Egal, S., Turner, Hall, A.J., Wild, C.P., 2002. Dietary aflatoxin exposure and impaired growth in young children from Benin and Togo: cross sectional study. British Medical Journal 325, 20–21, Gong, Y.Y., Egal, S., Hounsa, A., Turner, P.C., Hall, A.J., Cardwell, K., Wild, C.P., 2003. Determinants of aflatoxin exposure in young children from Benin and Togo, West Africa: the critical role of weaning and weaning foods. International Journal of Epidemiology, 32, 556–562] showed that aflatoxin exposure among these children is widespread (99%) and that growth faltering is associated with high blood aflatoxin-albumin adducts (AF-alb adducts), a measure of recent past exposure. The present report demonstrates that consumption of maize is an important source of aflatoxin exposure for the survey population. Higher AF-alb adducts were correlated with higher A. flavus (CFU) infestation of maize (p = 0.006), higher aflatoxin contamination (ppb) of maize (p < 0.0001) and higher consumption frequencies of maize (p = 0.053). The likelihood of aflatoxin exposure from maize was particularly high in agro-ecological zones where the frequency of maize consumption (SGS and CS), the presence of aflatoxin in maize (SGS) or the presence of A. flavus on maize (NGS and SGS) was relatively high. Socio-economic background did not affect the presence of A. flavus and aflatoxin in maize, but better maternal education was associated with lower frequencies of maize consumption among children from the northernmost agro-ecological zone (SS) (p = 0.001). The impact of groundnut consumption on aflatoxin exposure was limited in this population. High AF-alb adduct levels were correlated with high prevalence of A. flavus and aflatoxin in groundnut, but significance was weak after adjustment for weaning status, agro-ecological zone and maternal socio-economic status (resp. p = 0.091 and p = 0.083). Ingestion of A. flavus and aflatoxin was high in certain agro-ecological zones (SS and SGS) and among the higher socio-economic strata due to higher frequencies of groundnut consumption. Contamination of groundnuts was similar across socio-economic and agro-ecological boundaries.
546 ## - LANGUAGE NOTE
Language note English
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Aflatoxin
9 (RLIN) 2375
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Aspergillus flavus
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Children
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Dietary exposure
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element groundnut
650 10 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Maize
9 (RLIN) 1173
700 1# - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
Personal name Cardwell, K.F.,
Relator term coaut.
700 1# - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
Personal name Gong, Y.Y.,
Relator term coaut.
700 1# - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
Personal name Hall, A.J.,
Relator term coaut.
700 1# - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
Personal name Hell, K.,
Relator term coaut.
700 1# - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
Personal name Hounsa, A.,
Relator term coaut.
700 1# - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
Personal name Turner, P.C.,
Relator term coaut.
700 1# - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
Personal name Wild, C.P.,
Relator term coaut.
773 0# - HOST ITEM ENTRY
Title International Journal of Food Microbiology
Related parts v. 104, no. 2, p. 215-224
942 ## - ADDED ENTRY ELEMENTS (KOHA)
Koha item type Article
Source of classification or shelving scheme
Holdings
Withdrawn status Lost status Damaged status Not for loan Collection code Permanent Location Current Location Date acquired Date last seen Price effective from Koha item type
  Not Lost     Reprints Collection CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library CIMMYT Knowledge Center: John Woolston Library 2017-07-05 2017-07-05 2017-07-05 Article
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Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo (CIMMYT) © Copyright 2015. Carretera México-Veracruz. Km. 45, El Batán, Texcoco, México, C.P. 56237.
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