Inheritance of resistance to banded leaf and sheath blight (Rhizoctonia solani f.sp. sasakii) of maize (Zea mays l.) - Mexico, DF (Mexico) CIMMYT : 2004 - p. 356-365 - Printed
One of the main deterrents to high grain yield in maize is its susceptibility to several diseases. Banded leaf and Sheath blight (BLSB) caused by Rhizoctonia solani .(f. sp. sasakii) has become a serious threat to its cultivation in the north -western plains of India. The pathogen spreads from the basal sheath to the developing ear under favorable environmental conditions. The developing ear is completely damaged and dries up prematurely with caking of husk leaves. The main objective was to work out the inheritance of resistance to this biotic stress. Inheritance of resistance to BLSB was studied based on the analysis of 10 crosses. Eight crosses were between 2 resistant (CM104 and CML1) and 4 susceptible inbred lines (Tarun (x)- 36-1-1-1-2-1-4, D741(x)- 1-1-1-10-4- 4, Pop31 (x)-21-l-2-4-l-l-5-l/13 # and Tarun (x)- 252-1-2-2-1-2-1). In addition, one resistant x resistant and one susceptible x susceptible cross was also studied. Parents, F1's, F2's, and backcrosses, were included in the present study. Final evaluation was undertaken under artificially created epiphytotic conditions. The F2 segregation pattern for BLSB reaction was 15:l in crosses involving CM104 as the resistant parent, and 13:3 in crosses involving CML1 as the resistant parent. The BC1 P1 segregation pattern exhibited a 3:1 ratio. The resistant x resistant and susceptible x susceptible crosses followed all: 0 and 0: all for resistance and susceptibility, respectively. The F2 segregation analysis of eight susceptible x resistant crosses revealed that resistance was governed by two genes. The BLSB reaction in F2 and backcrosses involving CM 104 and susceptible lines suggested that resistance in CM 104 was controlled by duplicate dominant genes while crosses of CML1 showed dominance and recessive interaction.