Sorrells, M.E.

The application of comparative genetics to wheat improvement - Montevideo (Uruguay) CIMMYT : 2000 - 17-32 - Printed

Comparative genetics is a broad field of research with the general goal of estimating similarity at some specific level of organization. The evolution of comparative genetics research from the whole plant level to the DNA level has synergistically expanded our knowledge of genome structure and function due to the complementarity of research among scientists working on different species. In this review, I will present a brief overview of comparative genetics with examples from the Gramineae family that illustrate future directions of comparative genetics research. This presentation will focus on the role of genomic research in crop improvement especially for species with large polyploid genomes and minor crops. The mapping of loci controlling economic traits, trait dissection, and candidate gene analysis will be presented along with examples. The long-term goal is to facilitate the identification of superior alleles for genes of economic importance so that they can be assembled in superior crop cultivars.


English

9974-7586-1-0


Agronomic characters
Clones
DNA
Genetic variation
Genomes
Selection
Triticum
Genetics
Plant breeding

CIMMYT

633.1153 / KOH
baner

International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) © Copyright 2015. Carretera México-Veracruz. Km. 45, El Batán, Texcoco, México, C.P. 56237.
If you have any question, please contact us at CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org

Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo (CIMMYT) © Copyright 2015. Carretera México-Veracruz. Km. 45, El Batán, Texcoco, México, C.P. 56237.
Si tiene cualquier pregunta, contáctenos a CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org