Joppa, L.R.

Chromosome translocations in wild populations of tetraploid emmer wheat in Israel and Turkey - 1995 - Printed

6 graphs, 2 tables; 16 ref. Summary (En)

Translocation frequencies (as compared to the standard chromosome arrangement typified by that in 'Chinese Spring') in 9 or more genotypes from each of 15 populations of Triticum dicoccoides in Israel were determined. Data also were obtained from 2 genotypes of the southernmost population (Jaba). A single population from Turkey was also investigated. There were 119 genotypes with translocations in the sample of 171 genotypes investigated (70%). The frequency of translocations in different populations varied from 0.27 to 1.00, and all populations had 1 or more genotypes with one or more translocations. Some populations such as Qazrin appeared to be homogeneous for translocations, but most populations were heterogeneous. A sample of 17 genotypes from 12 of the populations were crossed with the Langdon D-genome disomic substitutions to determine the identity of the chromosomes involved in the translocations. There were nine genotypes with translocations and with the exception of a 2A/2B translocation, none of them involved the same chromosomes. The B-genome chromosomes were involved in translocations more frequently than the A-genome chromosomes. Translocation frequencies (TF) of the various populations were correlated with environmental variables, primarily with water AV: and humidity, and possibly also with soil type. In general, TF was higher in peripheral populations in the ecologically heterogeneous frontiers of species distribution than in the central populations located in the catchment area of the upper Jordan valley


English

0040-5752


Biological development
Cell division
Europe
Gramineae
Mediterranean countries
Middle east
Plant genetics and breeding
Plants
Recombination
Southern europe
Western Europe
Wildlife
Triticum

97-091147
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